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Terahertz technology fights fashion fraud
Scientists from the National Physical Laboratory have published research that demonstrates how a technique called terahertz time-domain spectroscopy could be used to help spot fakes and combat textile counterfeiting. (2013-08-08)

Inside rocks, implications for finding life on Mars
UCLA paleobiologist J. William Schopf and colleagues have produced three dimensional images of ancient fossils - 650 million to 850 million years old - preserved in rocks, an achievement never done before. If a future space mission to Mars brings rocks to Earth, the techniques Schopf has used could enable scientists to look at microscopic fossils inside the rocks for signs of life, such as organic cell walls. These techniques would not destroy the rocks. (2006-01-31)

Terence James Parker wins 2007 Kenneth J. Button Prize
Terence James Parker has been chosen to receive the Kenneth J. Button Prize, which is given annually to a scientist in recognition of (2007-08-31)

MR spectroscopy may help avoid invasive procedures and treatments for recurrent brain lesions
A clinical decision model which uses MR spectroscopy to help physicians differentiate between recurrent tumors and changes in the brain tissue due to radiation treatments, may help patients avoid invasive procedures and treatments, according to a study performed at the University of Michigan Health System in Ann Arbor, Mich. (2009-02-02)

Research project to help pharmaceutical industry examine molecular structure of pills
Two Syracuse University researchers are conducting research to develop a new tool for the pharmaceutical industry that will more closely examine the molecular structure of pills -- potentially aiding companies in developing safer and more effective medications. (2001-05-01)

7.0T NMR assesses changes in hippocampal neurons in animal models of Alzheimer's disease
7.0T NMR assesses changes in hippocampal neurons in animal models of Alzheimer's disease. (2014-04-30)

Listening to ancient colors
A team of McGill chemists have discovered that a technique known as photoacoustic infrared spectroscopy could be used to identify the composition of pigments used in art work that is decades or even centuries old. Pigments give artist's materials color, and they emit sounds when light is shone on them. (2010-09-02)

RIT and ASD Inc. host symposium on trends in spectroscopy Jan. 21
Rochester Institute of Technology and Analytical Spectral Devices Inc. will host a workshop on current applications and trends in spectroscopy. The free RIT-ASD symposium will be held at RIT's Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. on Jan. 21 in the Carlson Auditorium. (2016-01-20)

7.0T NMR assesses changes in hippocampal neurons in animal models of Alzheimer's disease
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy can quantitatively analyze in vivo abnormalities of biochemical metabolism within brain tissue in a noninvasive and non-radioactive manner. Compared with 3.0T magnetic resonance spectroscopy, high-field magnetic resonance spectroscopy (≥ 7.0T) exhibits high spatial resolution and density resolution, microscopic imaging of the living body, and obtains both high scanning resolution and result precision within a shorter scan time, thus providing a higher value in clinical diagnosis. (2014-08-04)

Artificial intelligence ARTIST instantly captures materials' properties
New approach holds potential to slash research and development costs for designer materials and technologies of the future (2019-01-30)

X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy under real ambient pressure conditions
Researchers in the Institute for Molecular Science (Japan) and their collaborators have improved an ambient-pressure photoelectron spectroscopy instrument using hard X-rays and succeeded in photoelectron spectrometry under real atmospheric pressure for the first time in the world. The novel apparatus can be applied for observing various reactions between solid and gas under atmospheric pressure, and biological samples fragile under high vacuum. The work has been published online in the 'Applied Physics Express.' (2017-06-27)

Springer editorial board member receives Humboldt Research Award
Dr. Gottfried Otting, a professor at the Australian National University, Research School of Chemistry, has been elected the recipient of a Humboldt Research Award. Otting is on the editorial board of Springer's Journal of Biomolecular NMR. (2010-03-15)

Structure Of HDL Cholesterol Determined
Using novel methods for performing infrared spectroscopy University of Pennsylvania Medical Center researchers have resolved a contentious scientific debate over the structure of high-density lipoproteins, or HDL particles, the so-called (1999-05-24)

Scientists learn how to make oxygen 'perform' for them
Chemists have figured out how to keep one particular isotope of oxygen -- among the most abundant elements on the planet and a crucial building block for materials like glass and ceramics -- spinning during nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy long enough to learn some things about its structure and function. (2019-10-29)

Bomb scares: An ODD solution
Homeland Security's Science & Technology Directorate may have a better solution to detecting just what's in that suspicious package. (2010-04-08)

The smallest ever computer chips require a new level of quality assurance
Semi-conductor chip materials have to be transparent to light at low wavelengths. Virginia Tech chemists are using a new technique to observe chip manufacture at the molecular level. (2000-08-22)

Study demonstrates new mechanism for developing electronic devices
OIST scientists have demonstrated a new mechanism that may help develop electronic devices differently. (2018-09-26)

Contactless water quality control with the use of spectroscopy
In cooperation with Dielectric Spectroscopy Lab (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Khamzin and Nasybullin perfected the phenomenological model of relaxation, which helped explain the non-Arrhenius behavior of the temperature dependence of the ice relaxation time at temperatures below 155 K. (2018-09-26)

Photon recoil provides new insight into matter
Quantum logic spectroscopy has been significantly extended: The new method is called (2014-01-30)

Computing breakthrough could elevate security to unprecedented levels
By using pulses of light to dramatically accelerate quantum computers, University of Michigan researchers have made strides in technology that could foil national and personal security threats. (2007-08-16)

Better insight into molecular interactions
How molecules in biochemical solutions do interact, is a question of great importance for understanding processes in catalysts, functional materials and even in organisms. Until now, scientists could have a look at these interactions by spectroscopy, but it was hard to distinguish the different interactions, which take place simultaneously. A groundbreaking work by HZB-scientist Emad Flear Aziz and theoretical physicist Oliver Kühn from University Rostock could now change the game. The results are published in Physical Review Letters. (2013-08-21)

Faster CARS, less damage: NIST chemical microscopy shows potential for cell diagnostics
A paper by NIST researchers may breathe new life into the use of a powerful -- but tricky -- diagnostic technique for cell biology. (2010-10-14)

FTIR and microarrays: Enabling more information from less sample
By using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), researchers at the Center for Structural Biology and Bioinformatics, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium can greatly increase the amount of information that can be extracted from a protein microarray. In a new report in the current issue of Biomedical Spectroscopy and Imaging, they show how high-quality spectra can be obtained from spots of protein no larger than the diameter of a human hair. (2016-06-02)

Researchers create first significant examples of optical crystallography for nanomaterials
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a novel way to determine crystal type based on optics -- by identifying the unique ways in which these crystals absorb light. (2017-05-17)

Clues to inner atomic life from subtle light-emission shifts
Atoms absorb and emit light of various wavelengths. Physicists have long known that there are some tiny changes, or shifts, in the light that gets absorbed or emitted, due to the properties of the atomic nucleus. Now, scientists have elucidated the so-called hyperfine structure of cadmium atoms. They have measured variations in the energy transition within cadmium atom and were able to identify the physical cause of the shift within the nucleus. The findings are published in EPJ D. (2015-07-01)

Terahertz waves reveal hidden processes in ultrafast artificial photosynthesis
Osaka University researchers have succeeded in observing charge transfer and intermolecular interactions in ultrafast artificial photosynthesis. With time-resolved attenuated total reflection (TR-ATR) terahertz spectroscopy, they revealed the process of artificial photosynthesis material [Re(CO)2(bpy){P(OEt)3}2](PF6) in Triethanolamine solvent as a reductant. This finding will help to develop highly efficient photocatalytic reactions, and TR-ATR terahertz spectroscopy will assist research on biological and chemical reaction processes. (2019-09-12)

New JILA technique reveals hidden properties of ultracold atomic gases
Physicists at JILA, a joint institute of the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the University of Colorado at Boulder, have demonstrated a powerful new technique that reveals hidden properties of ultracold atomic gases. (2008-08-06)

U-M researchers develop technique that could detect explosives, dangerous gases rapidly and remotely
University of Michigan researchers have developed a laser-based method that could be used to detect chemicals such as explosives and dangerous gases quickly and accurately. (2017-09-29)

'Funnel' attracts bonding partners to biomolecule
Water is a ubiquitous solvent in all life sciences -- sometimes referred to as the 'matrix of life.' Contrary to earlier assumptions, it is not a passive witness of biochemical processes; rather, it participates in them actively. By influencing the movement of water molecules surrounding their binding pockets, proteins can create a type of 'funnel' in the surrounding water, which assists the bonding of certain binding partners that are solvated in water. (2014-09-24)

'Operando' methods for understanding catalysis in hydrogen storage
As researchers at Pacifi c Northwest National Laboratory investigated the hydrogen storage capabilities of amine borane compounds, they knew that a rhodium catalyst readily releases hydrogen from the compound at room temperature. But they weren't sure how it worked. Aside from the scientific quest for knowledge, understanding the mechanism at work with rhodium may help with the development of a more cost-effective catalyst to enable hydrogen storage. (2005-08-29)

What is a comet made of?
A new method for looking at the composition of comets using ground-based telescopes has been developed by chemists at UC Davis. (2004-08-09)

Forthcoming comprehensive reference guide on deep tissue imaging techniques
A forthcoming reference book for new deep tissue imaging techniques, to be published Jan. 31, 2017 by Pan Stanford, provides a comprehensive guide for researchers and students of multiple disciplines. (2016-12-28)

Paleolake deposits on Mars might look like sediments in Indonesia
In their GSA Bulletin article published online last week, Timothy A. Goudge and colleagues detail the clay mineralogy of sediment from Lake Towuti, Indonesia, using a technique called visible to near-infrared (VNIR) spectroscopy. VNIR measures the signature of reflected light from a sample across a larger wavelength range than just visible light. At Lake Towuti, the spectral record shows distinct variations in clay mineralogy over the past 40,000 years. (2017-03-06)

Technology reveals citrus greening-infected trees
US Department of Agriculture scientists are using a technology known as (2011-08-08)

A new method for quantifying crystal semiconductor efficiency
Japanese scientists have found a new way to successfully detect the efficiency of crystal semiconductors. For the first time ever, the team used a specific kind of photoluminescence spectroscopy, a way to detect light, to characterize the semiconductors. The emitted light energy was used as an indicator of the crystal's quality. This method potentially culminates in more efficient light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and solar cells. Additionally, it could usher in several other advances in electronics. (2019-08-23)

For creating new field of science, Texas chemist wins international prize
Allen Bard, professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Texas at Austin, was awarded the 2008 Wolf Prize in Chemistry jointly with Professor William Moerner of Stanford University. (2008-01-23)

For the first time, scientists catch water molecules passing the proton baton
Water conducts electricity, but the process by which this familiar fluid passes along positive charges has puzzled scientists for decades. But in a paper published in the Dec. 2 in issue of the journal Science, an international team of researchers has finally caught water in the act -- showing how water molecules pass along excess charges and, in the process, conduct electricity. (2016-12-01)

BFU physicists developed a new method to identify antibiotics-resistant bacteria
A team of physicists from Immanuel Kant Baltic State University suggested a method to quickly identify single antibiotic-resistant bacteria cells that are the agents of tuberculosis. The new method helps find the bacteria and evaluate their resistance to antibiotics without damaging the biological material. (2019-02-13)

A laser, a crystal and molecular structures
Researchers have built a new tool to study molecules using a laser, a crystal and light detectors. This new technology will reveal nature's smallest sculptures -- the structures of molecules -- with increased detail and specificity. (2019-09-27)

Yale chemist, Mark A. Johnson, honored by American Physical Society
Mark A. Johnson, professor of physical chemistry at Yale has been awarded the 2006 Earle K. Plyler Prize for Molecular Spectroscopy sponsored by the George E. Crouch Foundation of the American Physical Society for his work on the structure of water. (2005-10-18)

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