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'Beautiful but sad' music can help people feel better
New research from psychologists at the universities of Kent and Limerick has found that music that is felt to be 'beautiful but sad' can help people feel better when they're feeling blue. (2014-02-19)

Engineered stem cells can home in on tumors and deliver drug payload in mice
Researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have perfected a delivery system for anticancer treatment that zeroes in on a tumor and becomes part of its supporting tissue. This new (2004-11-02)

Alzheimer's disease prevention may be easier than cure
Mayo Clinic Jacksonville researchers report evidence to suggest that prevention of amyloid beta (Abeta) deposition in the brain prior to Alzheimer's disease (AD) onset may be easier than curing established disease. An immunization strategy targeting Abeta42, or a second form of Abeta known as Abeta40, prevented onset of amyloid deposition in young, AD-prone mice. However, this strategy was not effective in altering Abeta deposition or clearance in mice with modest levels of preexisting Abeta deposits. (2005-12-08)

Jumpin' droplets! Researchers seek to improve efficiency of condensers
A team at Colorado State University has figured out how to keep condensed droplets from coalescing into a film, and to make the droplets jump high enough to move away from the condenser surface. (2018-11-28)

amfAR report highlights priorities to help states achieve national HIV/AIDS strategy goals
amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, in collaboration with the National HIV/AIDS Initiative at the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown Law, has released a set of recommendations for how states across the US can improve HIV prevention and care outcomes in an effort to achieve the goals identified within the National HIV/AIDS Strategy. (2015-07-30)

How does climate affect violence? Researchers offer new theory
Researchers have long struggled to explain why some violent crime rates are higher near the equator than other parts of the world. Now, a team of researchers have developed a model that could help explain why. This new model goes beyond the simple fact that hotter temperatures seem to be linked to more aggressive behavior. (2016-06-24)

The brain in the supermarket
In a new paper, MIT researchers suggest that your brain is most likely deploying an 'index strategy,' a straightforward ranking of products, when you shop. It may not be an absolutely perfect calculation, given all the available information, but the study suggests that an index strategy comes very close to being optimal, and is a far easier way for consumers to make their choices. (2015-03-26)

When food is scarce, a smaller brain will do
A new study explains how young brains are protected when nutrition is poor. The findings, published on March 7th in Cell Reports, a Cell Press publication, reveal a coping strategy for producing a fully functional, if smaller, brain. The discovery, which was made in larval flies, shows the brain as an incredibly adaptable organ and may have implications for understanding the developing human brain as well, the researchers say. (2013-03-07)

3-D breast screens improve detection and reduce false positives
Three-dimensional breast screens (mammograms) could offer substantial improvements in cancer detection and reducing false positives when used in conjunction with traditional two-dimensional mammograms, according to the results of a new study published in The Lancet Oncology. (2013-04-24)

UH Mânoa researcher finds Laysan albatross employs 'dual mommies'
What's a girl to do if there's a shortage of males and she needs help raising a family? The Laysan albatross employs a strategy called reciprocity, where unrelated females pair together and take turns raising offspring. (2008-05-27)

Viral hepatitis kills more people than HIV, malaria or tuberculosis
The study illustrates that in 2016, the total deaths caused by viral hepatitis, including liver cancer, acute cases, cirrhosis, hepatitis A, E, B, C and D account for 1.34 million deaths globally, exceeding tuberculosis (1.2 million), HIV/AIDS (1 million) and malaria (719,000). (2017-09-14)

'Prosthetic' retinal cells let blind mice see light
In an experiment that could offer a new pathway to restoring vision in people with inherited retinal degeneration, researchers have engineered cells in the eye to be light sensitive that were not before. Using a harmless virus, they introduced a gene for a light-sensitive protein into (2006-04-05)

When board members get involved, corporate tax burden goes down
New research finds that corporate tax-planning practices improve when a company's board takes an interest -- and better planning results in both less tax uncertainty and a lower tax burden. (2020-06-15)

Researchers discover new way to design metal nanoparticle catalysts
Researchers at Northwestern University have discovered a new strategy for fabricating metal nanoparticles in catalysts that promises to enhance the selectivity and yield for a wide range of structure-sensitive catalytic reactions. (2011-02-22)

Lehigh chemist recognized for work on immunotherapy to fight bacteria
Marcos Pires, assistant professor of chemistry at Lehigh University, is pioneering a promising alternative to antibiotics that would allow the immune system do the dirty work. He will be recognized for his work on immunotherapy to fight bacteria with an inaugural ACS Infectious Diseases Young Investigator's Award acknowledging 'outstanding early career researchers.' Recipients will be honored at a symposium on Tuesday, Aug. 23 in Philadelphia held in conjunction with the ACS Fall National Meeting. (2016-08-22)

Proteins in detail
IRB Barcelona scientists pave the way towards describing the conformation of proteins that do not have a defined structure. Structural and theoretical techniques are combined to develop new methodologies for the analysis of proteins. (2013-03-27)

New Research: Streamside forests store tons of carbon
In a new effort from Point Blue Conservation Science and Santa Clara University, researchers led by Dr. Kristen Dybala compiled carbon storage data from 117 publications, reports, and other data sets on streamside forests around the world. Researchers found that the average amount of carbon stored in mature streamside forest rivals the highest estimates for any other forest type around the world, such as tropical or boreal forests. (2018-11-12)

Leadership emerges spontaneously during games
Video game and augmented-reality game players can spontaneously build virtual teams and leadership structures without special tools or guidance, according to researchers. (2013-04-29)

Habitat restoration could help species to cope with climate change
Animals and plants may need extra habitats to survive the challenge of climate change, according to research by scientists at the University of York. (2011-04-18)

Clemson, Education Department focus on rural dropouts
Clemson University's National Dropout Prevention Center/Network and Clemson Broadcast Productions will help the US Department of Education analyze and enhance rural dropout prevention efforts in 15 states. (2013-10-29)

Birth cohort screening for hepatitis C is cost effective, could save thousands of lives each year
Proactive screening strategy could help identify over 800,000 unidentified cases at a cost-effectiveness that is comparable to many other routine preventive health care services. (2011-11-04)

Experimental optimal verification of entangled states using local measurements
USTC modified the original proposal to be robust to practical imperfections, and experimentally implement a scalable quantum state verification on two-qubit and four-qubit entangled states with nonadaptive local measurements. The research results were published in Physical Review Letters on July 17th. (2020-07-24)

Rollout strategy for diagnostic test in India may impact TB
Xpert MTB/RIF, a recently implemented tuberculosis (TB) test, has the potential to control the TB epidemic in India, but only if the current, narrow, implementation strategy is replaced by a more ambitious one that is better funded, also includes the private sector, and better referral networks are developed between public and private sectors, according to new research published in this week's PLOS Medicine. (2014-07-15)

Dying at home or in hospital dependent on wealth, location and number of diseases
In a new study, published today in BMC Medicine, researchers from King's College London's Cicely Saunders Institute studied a national data set of all deaths from two common groups of respiratory diseases -- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and interstitial pulmonary diseases, covering 380,232 people over 14 years. (2017-01-31)

In classical and quantum secure communication practical randomness is incomplete
Random bit sequences are key ingredients of various tasks in modern life and especially in secure communication. In a new study researchers have determined that generating true random bit sequences, classical or quantum, is an impossible mission. Based on these findings, they have demonstrated a new method of classified secure communication. (2019-11-04)

HKU Chemists achieve breakthrough in antibacterial drug research
The research team of Dr Xuechen Li at the HKU Department of Chemistry, together with collaborators at the University of Central Florida (Dr Yu Yuan), USA and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Dr Sheng Chen), reported their research findings on the synthesis of a newly discovered (2016-11-08)

Protein surfaces defects act as drug targets
New research shows a physical characterisation of the interface of the body's proteins with water. Identifying the locations where it is easiest to remove water from the interface of target proteins could constitute a novel drug design strategy. The candidate drugs would need to be engineered to bind at the site of the protein where interfacial water is most easily dislodged. These findings were recently published in EPJ E. (2013-07-30)

Cyprian honeybees kill their enemy by smothering them
For the first time, researchers have discovered that when Cyprian honeybees mob and kill their arch enemy, the Oriental hornet, the cause of death is asphyxiation. They reported their findings in the Sept. 18, 2007, issue of Current Biology, a publication of Cell Press. (2007-09-17)

How ex-convicts should approach a job interview
For the best chance of getting hired, former inmates should apologize for their criminal past to potential employers, indicates new research that comes amid the nationwide 'ban-the-box' movement. (2017-05-01)

Discovery may prevent life-threatening wasting disease in patients with chronic kidney disease
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University's Doernbecher Children's Hospital have uncovered a unique therapeutic strategy to combat cachexia -- severe malnutrition and physical wasting away -- in children and adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD). (2005-06-09)

It pays to go beyond the last word when advertising using Google AdWords
A forthcoming article in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science compares advertising strategies based on last touch and first touch keyword effectiveness metrics and finds that while the return on investment of a last touch strategy is 5 percent more than a first touch strategy, a strategy based on weighting the two metrics improves ROI by another 5 percent. (2016-10-11)

Elsevier launches Journal of Family Business Strategy
Elsevier, the world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced the launch of a new quarterly journal, Journal of Family Business Strategy. The journal aims to be a primary publication outlet for academics and scholars in the field of family business strategic issues and the first issue is now available on ScienceDirect. (2010-03-11)

Study examines issues related to prenatal detection of trisomies
Cell-free (cf) DNA analysis of maternal blood for trisomies 21, 18 and 13 is superior to other methods of screening, but it's expensive. One strategy to maximize cfDNA testing at reduced cost is to offer it contingent on the results of the currently used first-trimester test. (2015-11-03)

Researchers discover that same gene has opposite effects in prostate, breast cancers
Researchers at Cleveland Clinic have discovered that a gene - known as an androgen receptor (AR) - is found in both prostate and breast cancers yet has opposite effects on these diseases. In prostate cancer, the AR gene promotes cancer growth when the gene is (2011-10-17)

New findings could lead to improved vaccinations against sexually transmitted infections
In a study published today in the Nature Communications, researchers from King's College London have shown how skin vaccination can generate protective CD8 T-cells that are recruited to the genital tissues and could be used as a vaccination strategy for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (2019-05-17)

Researchers assess use of drug-susceptible parasites to fight drug resistance
Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed a model for evaluating a potential new strategy in the fight against drug-resistant diseases. The strategy would take advantage of parasite refugia--host populations not treated with drugs, thereby serving as 'safe zones' where parasites don't develop drug resistance. When parasites from refugia mix with their drug-resistant counterparts in the general population, they could reduce the incidence of drug-resistance overall, which may help prolong a drug's effectiveness. (2015-11-25)

Head and neck cancer vaccine targets proteins to create immune response
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, in collaboration with the Gunma University School of Medicine in Japan, have developed a vaccine strategy for head and neck cancer that targets multiple peptides to activate the immune system to attack tumors. Their findings will be included in a press briefing on cancer vaccines at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, April 14-18, at the Los Angeles Convention Center. (2007-04-17)

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