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Just a spoonful: Sweet taste comforts babies during injections
The sweet taste of sugar may provide some comfort for babies during immunizations, according to a new Cochrane systematic review. Researchers found babies did not cry for as long if they were given drops of sugar solution before injections (2012-12-11)

New technique paves way for medical discoveries
Researchers have previously been able to analyse which sugar structures are to be found on certain proteins, but not exactly where on the protein they are positioned. This is now possible thanks to a new technique developed at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2009-10-19)

People's diets show a sugar-fat seesaw
New research review shows why people find it hard to follow nutrition guidelines to cut their fat and sugars intake at the same time -- a phenomenon known as the sugar-fat seesaw. (2013-07-03)

Growth hormone to boost athletic performance risks diabetes
Use of growth hormone to boost athletic performance can lead to diabetes, reports a study published ahead of print in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. The study reports the case of a 36 year old professional body-builder who required emergency care for chest pain. (2007-02-25)

Starved cancer cells became more sensitive to chemotherapy
By preventing sugar uptake, researchers succeeded in increasing the cancer cells' sensitivity to chemotherapeutic treatment. The studies, led by researchers at Lund University in Sweden, were carried out on cancer cells in a lab environment. The results were recently published in the research journal Haematologica. (2020-06-23)

Discovery of 'sugar sensor' in intestine could benefit diabetes
Diabetes patients could benefit from new research at the University of Liverpool that has identified a molecule in the intestine that can (2007-08-21)

Diabetes drug could protect against low blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin production in the body
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now discovered that DPP-4 inhibitors are also effective against low blood sugar levels. The study, which was carried out on mice, has been published in the journal Diabetologia. (2015-02-20)

Specific sugar molecule causes growth of cancer cells
The process of glycosylation, where sugar molecules are attached to proteins, has long been of interest to scientists, particularly because certain sugar molecules are present in very high numbers in cancer cells. It now turns out that these sugar molecules are not only present but actually aid the growth of the malignant cells. In the long term this discovery is an important step towards a cure that can stop the growth of cancer cells. (2013-09-16)

Sweet revenge against superbugs
A special type of synthetic sugar could be the latest weapon in the fight against superbugs. A team of scientists from The University of Queensland and Queensland biotechnology company Alchemia have discovered a potential new class of antibiotics inspired by sugar molecules produced by bacteria. New antibiotics to which bacteria are unlikely to develop resistance are urgently needed to combat the rise of superbugs -- drug resistant bacteria. (2015-07-21)

Added sugar displaces food groups lowering quality of preschooler diets
American preschoolers get about 14 to 17 teaspoons of added sugar a day, on average, mostly from fruit-flavored drinks, high-fat desserts and cola-type soft drinks which displace the grain, vegetable, fruit and dairy food groups and lower the quality of their diet, a Penn State study has shown. (2005-01-12)

Genetic changes behind sweet tooth
The substance ghrelin plays an important role in various addictions, such as alcoholism and binge-eating. It also impacts on sugar consumption, which is due, in part, to genetic factors, reveals new research from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2011-04-04)

Sugar Does Not Cause Weight Gain, Mood Alterations
Healthy people can lose weight on a high-sugar, low-fat diet without experiencing mood changes or adverse health effects as long as they reduce their total caloric intake, according to a study at Duke University Medical Center. (1996-04-29)

Greater diet-induced obesity in rats consuming sugar solution during the inactive period
Overeating is associated with the development of obesity. However, not only the amount, but also the timing of caloric intake could be an important contributor to obesity. Indeed, mice fed only during the light phase gained more weight compared to mice fed the same amount of calories during the dark phase. We investigated which components of the diet attribute most to this time-of-day dependent increase in weight gain. 24 male Wistar rats were subjected to (2012-07-10)

Poor control of diabetes in a large sample of patients
In this study, Woodward and colleagues identified over 63,000 patients in eastern Ontario with diabetes, and examined their control over their blood sugar and how often it was evaluated. (2006-01-30)

Sugar-coated antibiotics
Researchers from the John Innes Centre and the University of East Anglia have recently elucidated the structure and function of an enzyme which is involved in decorating antibiotics with sugar molecules. Many antibiotics have different carbohydrate molecules attached to them which can help the antibiotic to be taken up by the target organism or overcome resistance. By manipulating the sugar, it may be possible to restore usefulness in antibiotics to which resistance has developed. (2008-05-28)

Fructose is generated in the human brain
Fructose, a form of sugar linked to obesity and diabetes, is converted in the human brain from glucose, according to a new Yale study. The finding raises questions about fructose's effects on the brain and eating behavior. (2017-02-23)

Yale team deciphers sugar's siren song
Sugar's sweetness and calorie content combine to give it lethal power to destroy diets, many scientists have assumed. However, new study by Yale University researchers says the brain responds to taste and calorie counts in fundamentally different ways. And only one of these responses explains why most New Years' resolutions have already disappeared under a deluge of Boston Crème Pies. (2016-01-25)

Banning sugar-sweetened beverages in schools does not appear to reduce consumption among adolescents
State policies banning all sugar-sweetened beverages in schools are associated with reduced in-school access and purchase of these beverages, however these policies are not associated with a reduction in overall consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, according to a report published Online First by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2011-11-07)

Shift work increases diabetes and heart disease risk
Many studies have shown that shift work is associated with heart and metabolic diseases, but new research in Experimental Physiology has clarified how shift work can have a long-term effect on the risk of heart disease and diabetes. (2019-04-02)

Former Soviet Union Republic looks to Texas researcher for answers
Dr. Charlie Rush is using knowledge gained in the sugar beet fields of the Panhandle to help the Republic of Azerbaijan, formerly a part of the Soviet Union, build economic stability. Rush is a plant pathologist with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station in Amarillo. (2006-07-10)

Pore size alone does not matter when biological nanopores act as sugar chain biosensors
Protein nanopores can be found naturally in cell membranes, and act as biological gateways. Yet they can also be useful for the detection of specific bioactive molecular chains, like sugar chains, which are responsible for key interactions at the cell level, such as molecules from the glycosaminoglycan family. (2018-11-08)

Sugar implicated in cardiovascular disease risk independent of weight gain
Researchers from New Zealand's University of Otago have uncovered evidence that sugar has a direct effect on risk factors for heart disease, and is likely to impact on blood pressure, independent of weight gain. The researchers conducted a review and meta-analysis of all international studies that compared the effects of higher versus lower added sugar consumption on blood pressure and lipids (blood fats or cholesterol) - both of which are important cardiovascular risk-factors. (2014-05-15)

ETH Zurich researchers develop antibody test
A person's immune system can form antibodies against sugar molecules on the malaria pathogen, which protect against serious illness. A new blood test developed by a team of ETH Zurich and Swiss Tropical Institute researchers headed by Professor Peter Seeberger enables these antibodies to be detected. The researchers' work was published online in the journal Nature Chemical Biology on March 2, 2008. (2008-03-03)

Got a craving for fast food? Skip the coffee, study says
A University of Guelph study has revealed not only that a healthy person's blood sugar levels spike after eating a high-fat meal, but that the spike doubles after having both a fatty meal and caffeinated coffee -- jumping to levels similar to those of people at risk for diabetes. Ultimately, saturated fat and fat combined with caffeinated coffee hinder the body's ability to clear sugar from the blood and having high blood sugar levels can take a toll on our body's organs. (2011-04-01)

New technology simplifies production of biotech medicines
The final step in the production of a biotech medicine is finishing with the correct sugar structure. This step is essential for the efficacy of the medicine, but it also makes the production process complex and expensive. Leander Meuris, Francis Santens and Nico Callewaert have developed a technology that shortens the sugar structures whilst retaining the therapeutic efficiency. This technology has the potential to make the production of biotech medicines significantly simpler and cheaper. (2014-05-14)

No such thing as 'sugar rush'! Sugar worsens mood rather than improving it
Sugar does not improve mood and it can make people less alert and more tired after its consumption -- according to a new study by the University of Warwick, Humboldt University of Berlin, and Lancaster University. (2019-04-04)

Researchers challenge claims that sugar industry shifted blame to fat
In recent years, high-profile claims in the academic literature and popular press have alleged that the sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to play down the link between sugar and heart disease and emphasize instead the dangers of dietary fat. In a new article in the journal Science, historians at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the City University of New York challenge those claims through a careful examination of the evidence. (2018-02-15)

In flies, consuming high-sugar diet reduces sensitivity to sweetness
In fruit flies fed a high-sugar diet for one week, a complex that regulates taste-related sensory neurons reprogrammed the neurons to make the flies less sensitive to sweet taste. Half of these changes were not reversed even after the flies returned to a control diet, the study shows, suggesting flies' perception of sweet taste was permanently altered. Anoumid Vaziri and (2020-11-11)

Drinking green tea with starchy food may help lower blood sugar spikes
An ingredient in green tea that helps reduce blood sugar spikes in mice may lead to new diet strategies for people, according to Penn State food scientists. (2012-11-09)

Blocking sugar structures on viruses and tumor cells
During a viral infection, viruses enter the body and multiply in its cells. Viruses often specifically attach themselves to the sugar structures of the host cells, or present characteristic sugar structures on their surface themselves. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a new type of protein reagent for identifying biological sugar structures, which may block the spread of an illness in the body if used for blocking the sugar structures of a cell or a pathogen. (2020-03-17)

SFU researchers help discover new HIV vaccine-related tool
A new discovery involving two Simon Fraser University scientists could lead to a little known and benign bacterium becoming a vital new tool in the development of a vaccine against human immunodeficiency virus. Ralph Pantophlet, a Faculty of Health Sciences assistant professor, and Kate Auyeung, his senior research assistant and lab manager at SFU, and scientists in Italy have made a breakthrough discovery about Rhizobium radiobacter. (2012-02-28)

Rushing fireball developed its own form of sugar digestion
Microbiologists from Wageningen have discovered a strange form of digestion in an exotic microorganism. The rushing fireball, Latin name Pyrococcus furiosus, has reinvented the wheel for several steps of sugar digestion. (2002-04-18)

Stroke patients with high blood sugar at higher risk of death
Stroke patients who have hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) at the time of admission to the hospital for treatment of the stroke are at higher risk of death than stroke patients with normal blood sugar levels, according to a study published in the July 9 issue of the journal Neurology by researchers from the Indiana University School of Medicine, the Richard L. Roudebush Veterans Administration Medical Center and the Regenstrief Institute for Health Care. (2002-07-09)

Five reasons why sugar is added to food
From a food science and technology perspective, sugar (sucrose) plays several roles when it comes to the functional properties in food. In the September issue of Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety published by the Institute of Food Technologists, authors from the University of Minnesota write about the functional properties of sugar and why they are often added to foods. (2015-08-18)

Antioxidants may prevent cognitive impairment in diabetes
Cognitive difficulties in patients with diabetes, caused by repeated episodes of low blood sugar, could be reduced with antioxidants, according to a new study presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Glasgow. The study findings suggest that stimulating antioxidant defences in mice reduces cognitive impairments caused by low blood sugar, which could help to improve the quality of life for diabetic patients. (2018-11-20)

Ketogenic diets may lead to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes
New research published in the Journal of Physiology indicates that ketogenic diets, which are low carbohydrate high fat eating plans that are known to lead to weight loss, may cause an increased risk of type 2 diabetes in the early stage of the diet. (2018-08-08)

Congenital heart disease causes hypoglycaemia
In a new study, scientists from University of Copenhagen document a connection between congenital arrhythmia and the bodies' ability to handle sugar. The results can be of vital importance for patients with the disease and for the future treatment of diabetes. The new study has just been published in the scientific journal Diabetes. (2013-12-19)

Sweetened beverage consumption increases in the US
Over the past two decades, the number of adults consuming sugar-sweetened beverages such as soft drinks, fruit drinks and punches has increased dramatically, according to a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (2008-12-11)

Carbohydrate in the heart seems to help regulate blood pressure
New research suggests that a particular type of carbohydrate plays an important role in regulating the blood pressure in the human body. This has been shown by researchers from the University of Copenhagen and Rigshospitalet in a new study using rats. The researchers believe that the finding may have a vast potential for improved medications for high blood pressure. (2019-07-02)

Sugar governs how antibodies work in the immune system
Antibodies protect the body against diseases -- but can also harm their own organism if the reactions are misdirected. Researchers from the University of Zurich have now discovered that a particular sugar in the antibodies determines whether one of the body's own cells is destroyed or not. This result could lead to new treatment possibilities for patients with autoimmune diseases. (2015-10-06)

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