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Study links shorter sleep and sugar-sweetened drink consumption
People who sleep five or fewer hours a night are likely to also drink significantly more sugary caffeinated drinks. (2016-11-09)

Researchers test sweet sorghums for best ethanol production
The continued demand for cleaner-burning fuels has Texas AgriLife Extension Service and Texas AgriLife Research specialists working to determine which varieties of sweet sorghum will produce the most ethanol. Dr. Brent Bean, an agronomist with AgriLife Extension and AgriLife Research, recently harvested sweet sorghum plots grown at the AgriLife Research farm near Bushland. Bean's plots are a part of a federal Sun Grant project examining the production of biofuels. (2010-10-11)

Genes determine whether sugar pills work
It is a well-known fact in drug trials that individuals can respond just as well to placebos, sugar pills, as to the active drug. On the other hand, it is difficult to explain why only certain people get better from placebos. A team of researchers from Uppsala University and Gothenburg University have now found gene variants that can impact the placebo effect and a mechanism in the brain that characterizes those who respond to placebos. (2008-12-03)

Biofuel cell generates electricity when implanted in False Death's Head Cockroach
Scientists have developed and implanted into a living insect -- the False Death's Head Cockroach -- a miniature fuel cell that converts naturally occurring sugar in the insect and oxygen from the air into electricity. They term it an advance toward a source of electricity that could, in principle, be collected, stored and used to power sensors, cameras, microphones and a variety of other microdevices attached to the insects in a paper in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. (2012-02-01)

Artificial pancreas can prevent dangerously low blood sugar in people with T1D
A new artificial pancreas system can prevent hypoglycemia--episodes of dangerously low blood sugar--during and after heavy exercise in people with type 1 diabetes, according to a small study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2020-08-27)

Scientists discover mosquitoes' unique blood-taste detectors
Scientists aren't sure how mosquitoes sense taste of blood, or how they know that this, of all things, is something to gorge on. Nothing else, not even sweet nectar, makes them pump as ferociously as when they're draining our veins. New research identifies a unique group of neurons that don't care about simple tastes like sweet or salty. Rather, they activate only when sugar, salt, and other components of blood are all present at once. (2020-10-12)

Blood sugar levels in heart failure patients predict risk of early death
New research published in the European Heart Journal suggests that people who arrive at hospital emergency departments with acute heart failure should have their blood sugar levels checked on arrival. This simple and inexpensive measure could identify patients at high risk of early death, further hospitalizations, or the development of more health problems, such as diabetes. (2015-01-06)

Elderly diabetics have fewer bouts of hypoglycemia at night with new insulin
A new variety of long-lasting insulin, called insulin degludec, lowers the risk of nighttime low blood sugar in elderly diabetic adults compared with insulin glargine, a systematic review of diabetes studies has found. The meta-analysis of phase 3 clinical trials will be presented Monday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-25)

Chronically elevated blood sugar levels disable 'fasting switch'
Continually revved up insulin production, the kind that results from overeating and obesity, slowly dulls the body's response to insulin. As a result, blood sugar levels start to creep up, setting the stage for diabetes-associated complications such as blindness, stroke and renal failure. To make matters even worse, chronically elevated blood sugar concentrations exacerbate insulin resistance. (2008-03-06)

Researchers to develop breathalyzer-type low blood sugar warning device for diabetes
A multidisciplinary team of researchers at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis has been awarded a $738,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a breathalyzer-type device to detect the onset of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar episodes, in people with diabetes. (2015-09-22)

Glycocluster design could lead to targeted drug delivery
A team led by researchers at the RIKEN Biofunctional Synthetic Chemistry Laboratory in Japan has developed a way to engineer glycan complexes -- clusters of sugar chains attached to proteins or lipids -- in a way that allows the molecules to be transported preferentially to specific organs of the body, depending on the sugar chains contained in the cluster. (2016-11-27)

It's OK to indulge once in a while: The body adapts to occasional short-term overeating
Overeating has been found to impair blood sugar (glucose) control and insulin levels. A new study suggests that the duration of a bout of overeating can affect how the body adapts glucose and insulin processing when calorie intake increases. The article is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology -- Endocrinology and Metabolism. (2019-04-25)

Sticking sugar to protein
ETH researchers have succeeded in determining the 3D structure of the enzyme that attaches sugar chains to proteins -- a breakthrough that they recently published in the journal Science. (2018-02-08)

'Bathtub' Equation Aids Diabetes Research
Simon Fraser University kinesiologist Diane Finegood says simple mathematical modelling techniques -- such as those used to explain how bathtubs operate -- are providing new insights into diabetes research. (1997-10-22)

Nicer than needles: Insulin pills for diabetes finally in clinical trials
After years of research and anticipation, insulin pills that could make it easier for millions of patients worldwide to manage diabetes are finally moving ahead in clinical trials and a step closer to the medicine cabinet. That's among the topics highlighted in a two-part cover story on drug manufacturing in the current issue of Chemical & Engineering News, ACS' weekly newsmagazine. (2010-06-02)

Unveiling how the children's tummy bug, rotavirus, causes infection
Researchers from Griffith University's Institute for Glycomics and the University of Melbourne have significantly advanced understanding of a virus that kills up to half a million children each year. (2015-01-05)

Fasting for lab tests isn't good for patients with diabetes
Fasting before getting your blood drawn for cholesterol tests is common practice, but new research from Michigan State University shows it is a contributing factor of low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, in patients who take diabetes medications. (2018-12-04)

Primary product
Measuring the color of foods during their production is extremely useful to many manufacturers but it used to be prohibitively expensive for most. Then a Franco-German-Czech partnership pioneered a cheaper solution in EUREKA project E! 4054. (2010-01-20)

Poor control of diabetes may be linked to low vitamin D
Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in patients with type 2 diabetes and may be associated with poor blood sugar control, according to a new study. The results will be presented Saturday at the Endocrine Society's 92nd Annual Meeting in San Diego. (2010-06-19)

Commercial weight-loss programs: Evidence of benefits for diabetics still too scarce
Johns Hopkins scientists who indirectly investigated the blood sugar effects of 10 (out of 32 selected) commercial weight loss programs say a few show promise of benefit for diabetic patients, but far more rigorous research is needed before doctors can wholeheartedly recommend them. (2016-06-02)

Chemical in brain acts like a fuel gauge
The neurotransmitter norepinephrine can alert the brain to dangerously low blood sugar levels, according to a new study. Finding has implications for diabetes research. (2007-07-05)

Fructose sugar makes maturing human fat cells fatter, less insulin-sensitive
Fructose, the sugar widely used as high-fructose corn syrup in soft drinks and processed foods, often gets some of the blame for the widespread rise in obesity. Now a laboratory study has found that when fructose is present as children's fat cells mature, it makes more of these cells mature into fat cells in belly fat and less able to respond to insulin in both belly fat and fat located below the skin. (2010-06-20)

New drug improves glucose control without increasing risk of hypoglycemia in patients with Type 2 diabetes
TAK-875, a new treatment for Type 2 diabetes, improves glycemic (blood sugar) control and is equally as effective as the sulphonylurea glimepiride (a common drug treatment) but has a significantly lower risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and few side effects, according to the results of a Phase 2 randomized trial published online first in the Lancet. (2012-02-26)

Weight loss drug added to diet and exercise improves blood sugar control
The new weight loss drug lorcaserin appears to improve blood sugar control in nondiabetic, overweight individuals, independent of the amount of weight they lose, a new study finds. The results will be presented Saturday at The Endocrine Society's 95th Annual Meeting in San Francisco. (2013-06-15)

How forest fires spoil wine
If wine is cultivated where forest fires occur more often, such as in Australia or Italy, aromas that make the alcoholic drink unpalatable can develop in the finished product. Until now, it wasn't known why this is so and what happens at the molecular level. A team at Technical University Munich is describing why the smoke aromas are stored in grapes and is thus showing the way for growers to eliminate this degradation in quality. (2017-09-26)

Drinking fewer sugar-sweetened beverages may lower blood pressure
Drinking fewer sugar-sweetened beverages -- a leading source of added sugar in the US diet -- may lower blood pressure, according to research published in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (2010-05-24)

Depression - not high blood sugar - implicated in heart disease among Type 1 diabetics, finds University of Pittsburgh study
Symptoms of depression--not high blood sugar--predict coronary heart disease among people with Type 1 diabetes, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (GSPH) in a report published in the January 2000 issue of Atherosclerosis. (1999-11-28)

Scientists engineer sugarcane to produce biodiesel, more sugar for ethanol
A multi-institutional team led by the University of Illinois have proven sugarcane can be genetically engineered to produce oil in its leaves and stems for biodiesel production. Surprisingly, the modified sugarcane plants also produced more sugar, which could be used for ethanol production. (2017-04-04)

Listening for the cosmic symphony: New SU supercomputer will help scientists listen for black holes
Scientists hope that a new supercomputer being built by Syracuse University's Department of Physics may help them identify the sound of a celestial black hole. (2008-02-08)

Digesting sweet taste
The sweet taste cells that respond to sugars and sweeteners on the tongue also contain digestive enzymes capable of converting sucrose (table sugar) into glucose and fructose, simple sugars that can be detected by both known sweet taste pathways, according to new research from the Monell Center. The findings increase understanding of the complex cellular mechanisms underlying sweet taste detection. (2016-05-09)

An experiment in mice palliates kidney disease caused by diabetes
Research group succeeds in removing a protein from kidney cells involved in blood filtration (2018-02-07)

How insulin TORC2 blood sugar levels: glowing mice light the way
With the help of genetically engineered mice whose livers turned into glowing light bulbs, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have illuminated the underpinnings of an insidious and growing health concern -- type 2 diabetes. (2007-09-05)

Bacteria's sticky glue is clue to vaccine says scientist
Sticky glue secreted by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus could be the clue scientists have been searching for to make an effective vaccine against MRSA, medical researchers heard today at the Society for General Microbiology's autumn meeting being held this week at Trinity College, Dublin. (2008-09-09)

Class of diabetes drugs carries significant cardiovascular risks
A class of oral drugs used to treat type 2 diabetes may make heart failure worse, according to an editorial published online in Heart Wednesday by two Wake Forest University School of Medicine faculty members. (2008-08-28)

Scientists dissect bacterial crosstalk
Please pass the sugar, a hungry bacterium says. And the lining of the intestine complies. But how can microbes talk to mammals? With a dual-purpose protein, scientists find. (1999-08-20)

Rubber is produced using renewable raw materials
TECNALIA and KEREON Partners have set up a new technology-based enterprise to produce biological rubber. The enterprise Biosyncaucho will be basing its activity on technology developed and protected by four families of patents developed by TECNALIA and transferred to the new enterprise. This move will enable the problems of nonrenewable raw materials -- volatility, environmental impact and depletion -- to be turned into a business opportunity. (2015-05-21)

New study finds chewing gum helps lower calorie intake and reduce cravings for sweet snacks
New research to be presented at the American Society for Nutrition Scientific Sessions and Annual Meeting at Experimental Biology 2009 finds chewing gum helps lower calorie intake and reduce cravings for sweet snacks. (2009-04-19)

Blood glucose health is decreasing in obese adults; increasing risks for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular complications
Blood glucose health is deteriorating in obese adults, despite overall progress in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels; raising risks for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications. Researchers said their findings suggest that controlling weight in obese adults to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes should be a public health priority. (2016-07-13)

High-sugar diet can damage the gut, intensifying risk for colitis
DALLAS - Oct. 28, 2020 - Mice fed diets high in sugar developed worse colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and researchers examining their large intestines found more of the bacteria that can damage the gut's protective mucus layer. (2020-10-28)

Study examines risk of severe blood sugar swings among diabetics taking fluoroquinolones
Diabetic patients taking oral fluoroquinolones, a frequently prescribed class of antibiotics, were found to have a higher risk of severe blood sugar-related problems than diabetic patients taking other kinds of antibiotics, according to a recent study from Taiwan published in Clinical Infectious Diseases. The increased risk was low, but clinicians should consider the higher risk when treating diabetic patients with fluoroquinolones, especially moxifloxacin, and prescribe them cautiously, the study's authors concluded. (2013-08-15)

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