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Vegetable oil IS good for you, MU researcher says
Since the 1970s, researchers have known that lineolic acid (LA) helps reduce blood cholesterol levels, and for decades, scientists have known that consuming LA can help lower the risk of heart disease. However, some experts have been claiming recently that Americans might be getting too much of a good thing. A new study from the University of Missouri contradicts that claim. (2013-06-07)

Eating low-fat, thanks to lupin proteins
Food should be delicious, healthy and sustainably produced. Researchers are working on new methods to use as many parts of plants as possible for nutrition. In the future, vegetable ingredients could replace animal raw materials. Lupin seeds, for instance, can be used to produce low-fat, exquisite sausage products. (2011-01-03)

Physicians analyze food trends and publish dietary prescription for optimal heart health
Nutrition researcher Neal Barnard, M.D., F.A.C.C., president and founder of the nonprofit Physicians Committee, and 11 other authors, including Andrew Freeman, M.D., Pamela Morris, M.D., Caldwell Esselstyn, M.D., Dean Ornish, M.D., and Kim Williams, M.D., reviewed the latest research behind popular food trends for 'Trending Cardiovascular Nutrition Controversies,' which appears in the March 7, 2017 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2017-03-03)

Food industry's high-quality co-streams used effectively as raw material for new products
European, Canadian, African and Indian researchers are developing together new ways of using the substantial co-streams from fish and oil plant processing. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland coordinates the European Commission's APROPOS project. This project's researchers aim to develop methods of ecologically, effectively and economically reusing protein- and oil-rich side streams suitable for food, as dietary supplements, skin care products, for example. (2012-09-17)

Mechanism outlined by which inadequate vitamin E can cause brain damage
Researchers have discovered how vitamin E deficiency may cause neurological damage by interrupting a supply line of specific nutrients and robbing the brain of the 'building blocks' it needs to maintain neuronal health. It found that nutrients needed to build and maintain the brain can be cut by more than half, with possible implications for an elevated risk of Alzheimer's disease. (2015-04-13)

Oral allergy syndrome and high blood pressure medications can create lethal cocktail
Oral allergy syndrome sufferers that take high blood pressure medications may experience extreme facial swelling and difficulty breathing the next time they bite into a juicy apple. When patients with oral allergy syndrome take angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors for hypertension and congestive heart failure, they are at an increased risk for a life-threatening allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis, according to new research. (2013-11-08)

RUDN chemists have completely changed the direction of Diels-Alder reaction
RUDN-based researchers together with Russian colleagues studied the Diels-Alder reaction in the derivatives of furan (a heterocyclic organic substance) and managed to reach 100 percent control over the composition of its products. The described patterns may be useful for creating new methods of agricultural waste processing. Moreover, the reaction may be used for the manufacture of graphene fragments and a number of biologically active substances. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Organic Chemistry. (2018-06-27)

Melatonin might help in controlling weight gain and preventing heart diseases associated with obesity
Melatonin is a natural hormone produced by the body that can also be found in some fruits and vegetables as mustard, Goji berries, almonds, sunflower seeds, cardamom, fennel, coriander and cherries. University of Granada researchers have analyzed the effects of melatonin on obesity, dyslipidimia and high blood pressure in young diabetic obese rats. (2011-04-28)

UBC researchers connect common fats to a lazy lifestyle and diabetes
A UBC researcher is suggesting the types of cooking oils people consume may be sabotaging their efforts to stay healthy and avoid illnesses such as diabetes. (2017-04-12)

One form of vitamin E appears beneficial in reducing bladder cancer risk
One form of vitamin E appears to offer protection against development of bladder cancer, while a second form has no beneficial effect, say a team of researchers led by The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. These findings were presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research. (2004-03-30)

Great Tits eat bats in times of need
Necessity is the mother of invention: Great Tits eat hibernating common pipistrelle bats under harsh conditions of snow cover. This remarkable newly acquired behavior was observed by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Seewiesen and their colleagues in a cave in Hungary. When the researchers offered the birds alternative feed, they ate it and showed little or no interest in flying into the cave again (Biology Letters, online prepublication from Sept. 9, 2009). (2009-09-25)

Findings suggest link between vitamin E and subsequent decline in physical function for older adults
Low serum concentration of vitamin E, an indication of poor nutrition, is associated with physical decline for older persons, according to a study in the Jan. 23 issue of JAMA. (2008-01-22)

Citizen scientists discover cyclical pattern of complexity in solar storms
Citizen scientists have discovered that solar storms become more complex as the sun's 11-year activity cycle reaches its maximum -- a finding which could help forecasters predict which space weather events could have potentially devastating consequences for modern technologies at Earth. (2019-07-01)

Nutrition model stresses positive experience of eating
Enjoying the eating process without focus on dietary restrictions may be key to managing weight and staying healthy, according to researchers who have unveiled a new and effective model for managing eating. (2007-09-18)

In brain evolution, size matters -- most of the time
Which came first, overall bigger brains or larger brain regions that control specialized behaviors? Neuroscientists have debated this question for decades, but a new Cornell University study settles the score. (2017-05-10)

Higher folates, not antioxidants, can reduce hearing loss risk in men
Increased intakes of antioxidant vitamins have no bearing on whether or not a man will develop hearing loss, but higher folate intake can decrease his risk by 20 percent, according to new research presented at the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Diego, Calif. (2009-10-05)

Natural enemies reduce pesticide use
Crop variety in agriculture has a positive impact on the natural enemies of aphids. Farmers can use this insight to keep aphids at bay and cut down on pesticides. (2018-03-20)

Garden seed diet for threatened turtle doves has negative impact
New research into Britain's fastest declining bird species has found that young turtle doves raised on a diet of seeds foraged from non-cultivated arable plants rather than food provided in people's gardens are more likely to survive after fledging. Ecologists at the University of Lincoln, UK, investigated the dietary habits of European turtle doves using DNA analysis of faecal samples and found significant associations between the body condition and the source of the bird's diet. (2018-06-21)

Omega-3 fatty acids shown to exert a positive effect on the aging brain
Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin were able to show that omega-3 fatty acid supplementation improves memory function in humans. They studied the effects of supplementation with natural omega-3 fatty acids in healthy older adults over a period of six months. Results from the study, which show that supplementation leads to significant improvements in memory function, have been published in the current issue of the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. (2016-03-15)

Sacred lotus genome sequence enlightens scientists
The sacred lotus is a symbol of spiritual purity and longevity. Its seeds can survive up to 1,300 years, its petals and leaves repel grime and water, and its flowers generate heat to attract pollinators. Now researchers report that they have sequenced the lotus genome. Of all the plants sequenced so far -- and there are dozens -- sacred lotus bears the closest resemblance to the ancestor of all eudicots, a broad category of flowering plants that includes apple, cabbage, cactus, coffee and tobacco. (2013-05-10)

Polyunsaturated fat in adipose tissue linked to lower mortality
In a study from Uppsala University, published in the American journal JAMA Cardiology, the fatty acid linoleic acid (Omega 6) in subcutaneous adipose tissue was linked to lower mortality among older men followed over a 15-year period. (2016-08-18)

Eating foods rich in vitamin E associated with lower dementia risk
Consuming more vitamin E through the diet appears to be associated with a lower risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2010-07-12)

Pollinator extinctions alter structure of ecological networks
The absence of a single dominant bumblebee species from an ecosystem disrupts foraging patterns among a broad range of remaining pollinators in the system -- from other bees to butterflies, beetles and more, field experiments show. (2017-06-21)

Chew on this for opening day: Baseball's longtime link with tobacco
Opening Day is April 5, and later that same week, University of Cincinnati sports researcher Kevin Grace will look back at how baseball has changed. He explores the rise and fall of baseball's (2004-04-01)

Cooking oils boost low sulfur diesel fuel and engine lubricant performance
Penn State engineers have shown that adding specially treated cooking oils, such as soybean, canola or sunflower oil, to mandated low sulfur diesel fuels and engine lubricants reduces friction and wear. (2002-10-15)

New evidence in plants shows micro-RNA can move
Ever since tiny bits of genetic material known as microRNA were first characterized in the early 1990s, scientists have been discovering just how important they are to regulating the activity of genes within cells. (2010-04-21)

Obesity rises in nearly all counties but Americans becoming more physically active
The rise in physical activity levels has had little impact so far on stopping the rising tide of obesity. As physical activity increased between 2001 and 2009, so did the percentage of the population considered obese. Obesity and risk factors from poor diets, smoking, and high blood pressure all are causing a drag on US life expectancies, which increased slowly compared to the country's economic peers between 1985 and 2010. (2013-07-10)

Biologists design method to monitor global bee decline
A United Nations-funded study has found that a global network of bee traps may form an early warning system alerting scientists to dangers threatening the world's food system and economies. (2012-12-19)

Nutrition scientists take a look at cataract prevention
Researchers at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University recently sought, in three different studies, to determine if prevention of age-related cataracts is possible. Their findings suggest that vitamins and polyunsaturated fatty acids--two categories of nutrients believed to have health benefits--may both affect cataract development, although not necessarily in beneficial ways. (2005-08-09)

Climate change provides good growing conditions for charcoal rot in soybeans
With over 100 diseases that can attack soybean crops, why would charcoal rot rise to the top of the most wanted list? University of Illinois scientists cite the earth's changing climate as one reason that more research is needed on the fungus that causes charcoal rot. (2014-07-09)

How females store sperm
The science of breeding chickens has revealed part of the mystery of how certain female animals are able to store sperm long-term. Droplets of fat transferred from female cells to sperm cells may contribute to keeping sperm alive. A scientific understanding of how sperm can be kept viable longer could benefit any fertility-related work. (2016-06-13)

Easy to overdose on paracetamol if you're selenium deficient, says research
A lack of the mineral selenium in the diet puts people at risk of paracetamol overdose, even when the painkiller is taken at levels claimed to be safe on the packaging, according to collaborative research emerging from the University of Bath and Southwest University in China. (2020-08-04)

Environmental cost of formula milk should be a matter of global concern
'The production of unnecessary infant and toddler formulas exacerbates environmental damage and should be a matter of increasing global concern,' argue experts in The BMJ today. (2019-10-02)

'Sun in a box' would store renewable energy for the grid
MIT engineers have come up with a conceptual design for a system to store renewable energy, such as solar and wind power, and deliver that energy back into an electric grid on demand. The system may be designed to power a small city not just when the sun is up or the wind is high, but around the clock. (2018-12-05)

Research on satellite imagery aims to advance sustainable agriculture
Scientists evaluated the potential of multispectral reflectance and seven vegetation indices in the visible and near-infrared spectral range for discriminating and classifying bare soil and several horticultural irrigated crops. Results of the three classification methods studies showed that the highest percentage of accuracy was achieved with multilayer perceptron, leading the researchers to recommend that the MLP neural network model should be considered for a successful classification of remote sensed data. (2011-04-01)

Vitamin E intake critical during 'the first 1,000 days'
Amid conflicting reports about the need for vitamin E and how much is enough, a new analysis published today suggests that adequate levels of this essential micronutrient are especially critical for the very young, the elderly, and women who are or may become pregnant. (2014-09-15)

UCR researchers examine how some invasive plants gain a foothold
When it comes to controlling invasive weeds, sex might be a useful weapon, according to research from UC Riverside geneticist Norman Ellstrand in an article in the Proceedings of the National Academies of Science. (2007-01-09)

Neiker-Tecnalia research -- to obtain more productive, resistant and sustainable oil palms
Neiker-Tecnalia (the Basque Institute for Agricultural Research and Development) is carrying out research, the objective of which is to improve oil palm crops through genetic enhancement. Its Biotechnology Department is currently working on the development of the technique known as marker-assisted selection (MAS) with the goal of optimizing the production and quality of this crop. (2011-04-11)

Novel process reduces toxic chemical use
Research into leading-edge extraction and separation processes aims to improve productivity in the pharmaceutical, food, dairy and other sectors. (2006-03-23)

Zinnias from space!
In space, there is no scent of baking bread, no wind on your face, no sound of raindrops hitting the roof, no favorite kitten to curl up in your lap. Over time, being deprived of these common earthbound sense stimulations takes a toll. Having limited access to stimuli to the senses is identified as a significant risk by NASA's Behavioral Health and Performance team. (2016-01-19)

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