Thyroid Cancer Current Events | Page 2

Thyroid Cancer Current Events, Thyroid Cancer News Articles.
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Radiation exposure associated with more aggressive thyroid cancer, worse outcomes
Patients with thyroid cancer who have previously been exposed to radiation -- for example, in the workplace, through environmental exposure or for treatment of acne or another condition -- appear to have more aggressive disease and tend to have worse outcomes in the long term, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2009-04-20)

Elderly may be more likely to die if they have subclinical hyperthyroidism
A common hormone abnormality in older adults -- a mild form of overactive thyroid called subclinical hyperthyroidism -- is linked to a much higher risk of dying, a new study finds. The results will be presented Sunday at The Endocrine Society's 93rd Annual Meeting in Boston. (2011-06-05)

Largest-ever study of thyroid cancer genetics finds new mutations, suggests immunotherapy
Data from 583 patient samples of advanced differentiated thyroid cancer and 196 anaplastic thyroid cancers, show new genetic alterations, and 'high mutation burden' that is an FDA-approved marker for treatment with immunotherapy. (2018-04-26)

Concern over inappropriate diagnosis and treatment of thyroid problems
More and more people are being inappropriately diagnosed and treated for underactivity of the thyroid gland (known as primary hypothyroidism), warn doctors in an editorial published on bmj.com today. (2009-03-26)

Study finds few patients with newly-diagnosed hyperlipidemia receive recommended thyroid screening
Despite current guidelines that recommend newly diagnosed high-cholesterol patients have a TSH blood test done to make sure they do not have hypothyroidism, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center have found that only about half of these patients were screened for thyroid dysfunction. The findings, which appear online in JAMA Internal Medicine, show the current guidelines may be underutilized. (2013-11-13)

Cutting the cost of fall-out from Chernobyl 15 years after the world's worst nuclear accident
15 years after the world's worst nuclear accident, at Chernobyl in the Ukraine, new thyroid cancers continue to be diagnosed. The accident accounted for the largest group of human cancers associated with a known cause on a known date. (2001-10-23)

Screening to blame for thyroid cancer 'epidemic' in South Korea
The current 'epidemic' of thyroid cancer in South Korea is due to an increase in the detection of small tumors, most likely as a result of overdetection by screening, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2016-11-30)

Some physicians are ordering thyroid tests for unsupported reasons
Up to one-third of physicians reported sending patients for a thyroid ultrasound for reasons not supported by clinical care guidelines, a new study led by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center researchers finds. Routine use of ultrasounds to detect cancerous thyroid nodules have led to a significant increase in thyroid cancer cases in recent years, although many are low-risk and unlikely to cause serious harm. (2020-08-12)

Thyroid cancer study simplifies follow-up exams for patients
An unpleasant postoperative procedure for thyroid cancer patients who have had their thyroid glands surgically removed may be unnecessary for most patients, according to Washington University researchers at Siteman Cancer Center and Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis. (2004-03-30)

Increase in thyroid cancer in US attributed to improved early detection
Although the incidence of thyroid cancer has more than doubled in the past 30 years, the rise is being attributed to improved diagnostic techniques of previously undetected disease, rather than a true increase in the occurrence of thyroid cancer, according to a study in the May 10 issue of JAMA. (2006-05-09)

Thyroid-cancer test reveals recurrence early
A blood test for thyroid cancer can detect persistent or recurrent disease even before doctors can find any trace of a tumor, according to a new study. The findings suggest that people treated for the disease should be examined regularly for early signs of recurrence. The study examined how well a test for thyroid cancer can predict whether the disease will recur. (2005-06-23)

New drug lets thyroid cancer patients avoid nasty side effects during treatment
A multicenter international study, including Johns Hopkins, has found that after surgery for thyroid cancer, giving genetically engineered human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH) before radioiodine treatment avoids the previous need to stop thyroid replacement therapy and the miserable side effects that go with it. (2006-01-09)

Thyroid ultrasound takes center stage at Caesars Palace
The American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists are collaborating to present Thyroid and Parathyroid Imaging and Update on Thyroid Disorders, July 31-Aug. 1, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. During this continuing medical education event, endocrinologists, radiologists, sonographers and other health care providers interested in thyroid/parathyroid imaging will be updated on the growing applications of sonography in the evaluation of thyroid and parathyroid disease. (2010-06-08)

The surgical treatment of bilateral benign nodular goiter
About 100,000 thyroid operations are performed in Germany each year, a large percentage of them for the treatment of benign thyroid disease (euthyroid nodular goiter). In the current issue of Deutsches Aerzteblatt International, Nada Rayes and colleagues suggest a paradigm shift in the treatment of such lesions. The article is accompanied by an editorial by Roland Gaertner. (2014-04-09)

Tulane University surgeon pioneers 'scarless' thyroid surgery
Tulane University School of Medicine surgeon Dr. Emad Kandil is one of the first in the country to perform a new form of endoscopic surgery that uses a small incision under the arm to remove all or a portion of the thyroid or parathyroid glands without leaving a scar on the neck. (2009-11-24)

30-year study shows that moderate hormone suppression may be enough in thyroid cancer
A study of long-term thyroid cancer outcomes shows, among other findings, that moderate suppression of thyroid-stimulating hormone, which drives the disease, may be as beneficial as more extreme hormone suppression. Extreme TSH suppression is associated with increased side effects including osteoporosis and heart rhythm irregularities. Results are published online ahead of print in the journal Thyroid. (2015-07-16)

Common thyroid cancer gene mutation found
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have found that a single genetic mistake causes about two-thirds of papillary thyroid cancers. Their research, published in the April 16, 2003 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, may lead to new therapies that could counteract the mistake. (2003-04-15)

Hypothyroidism associated with reduced breast cancer risk
Researchers at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have found that women with a common thyroid gland disorder appear to have a reduced chance of developing invasive breast cancer, according to a study published in the March 15 issue of Cancer, out online Feb. 14. (2005-02-14)

Increased detection of low-risk tumors driving up thyroid cancer rates, Mayo study finds
Low-risk cancers that do not have any symptoms and presumably will not cause problems in the future are responsible for the rapid increase in the number of new cases of thyroid cancer diagnosed over the past decade, according to a Mayo Clinic study published in the journal Thyroid. According to the study authors, nearly one-third of these recent cases were diagnosed when clinicians used high-tech imaging even when no symptoms of thyroid disease were present. (2015-09-08)

Thyroid cancer -- rising most rapidly among insured patients
The rapid increase in papillary thyroid cancer may not be linked to increase in occurrence, instead it may be linked to an increase in the diagnosis of pre-cancerous conditions and to a person's insurance status, according to a paper published in Thyroid, which included the research of Louise Davies, M.D., M.S., Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, and assistant professor of Surgery of The Dartmouth Institute. (2013-07-01)

Iodine deficiency, supplements affect thyroid cancer risk in children exposed to radioactive iodine
Exposure to radioactive iodines, mainly iodine 131 (I-131), in childhood is associated with an increased risk of thyroid cancer. Importantly, both iodine deficiency and supplementation appear to modify this risk, according to a new study in the May 18 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2005-05-17)

Combination treatment helps thyroid cancer patients live longer
Combining radiation therapy with surgery and chemotherapy helps patients with rare forms of thyroid cancer live longer, according to a study published in the November 15, 2004, issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of ASTRO, the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. (2004-11-15)

Genetic differences might help distinguish thyroid cancers
Two types of thyroid cancer that are closely related and sometimes difficult to distinguish can be readily identified by differences in only a few genes, new research shows. The study used microarray analysis to show that papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) differ in the expression of only four or five genes. Distinguishing between the two cancers is important because the malignancies behave differently and require different treatment. (2004-09-29)

UK researcher discovers drug that shows promise in treating rare cancer
New research published recently in the journal Thyroid shows that paclitaxel (Taxol®) has significant clinical activity against anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC). (2000-09-05)

New review looks at the effect of thyroid disorders on reproductive health
Thyroid disease can have significant effects on a woman's reproductive health and screening for women presenting with fertility problems and recurrent early pregnancy loss should be considered, suggests a new review published today in The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist. (2015-01-23)

Thyroid project sheds light on molecular processes related to cystic fibrosis
Veterinary medicine research is leading to a better understanding of the molecular interactions in the thyroid gland related to cystic fibrosis. (2013-10-29)

Overactive thyroid associated with abnormal heart rhythm, but not other cardiovascular problems
Having an overactive thyroid gland is linked with an increased risk for atrial fibrillation (a type of abnormal heart rhythm), but neither an over- or under active thyroid gland is associated with a higher risk for other cardiovascular problems or increased risk of death, according to a study in the March 1 issue of JAMA. (2006-02-28)

Male thyroid cancer survivors face 50 percent higher risk of heart disease than women
Male thyroid cancer survivors have a nearly 50 percent higher risk of developing heart disease than women within five years of cancer diagnosis, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2018-05-29)

Recent thyroid cancer trends in the United States suggest age, racial disparities
In the United States, thyroid cancer incidence is rising among young people as well as Hispanics and African Americans, a new study reports. Results of this research will be presented in a poster Monday, April 3, at ENDO 2017, the annual scientific meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Orlando, Fla. (2017-04-01)

Is thyroid hormone therapy for early underactive thyroid associated with better quality of life?
An early form of underactive thyroid (when the body doesn't produce enough thyroid hormones) called subclinical hypothyroidism is a common condition but the benefit of thyroid hormone therapy on quality of life and symptoms is uncertain. This study, which analyzed the combined results of 21 randomized clinical trials with 2,200 participants with subclinical hypothyroidism, reports that thyroid hormone therapy wasn't associated with improved quality of life or thyroid-related symptoms. (2018-10-02)

Galectin-3 test could decrease the number of unnecessary surgical procedures
Testing potentially cancerous thyroid nodules for the presence of galectin-3 could substantially decrease the number of unnecessary surgical procedures, say authors of a paper published early online in the Lancet Oncology. (2008-05-18)

MicroRNA panel can identify malignancy in indeterminate thyroid nodules
A panel of 19 microRNAs identified using next-generation sequencing could categorize indeterminate thyroid nodule samples into malignant and benign. (2018-07-26)

Smoking during pregnancy may impair thyroid function of mom and fetus
Cigarette smoking during pregnancy is associated with potentially harmful changes in both maternal and fetal thyroid function, according to a new study accepted for publication in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2009-01-13)

New molecular regulators of hyperthyroidism and goiter
Thyroid gland function is regulated by the hormone TSH. Increased levels of TSH and increased signaling through its receptor cause hyperthyroidism and goiter. Signals downstream of the receptor for TSH were thought to be mediated mainly by the Gs protein complex. A new study now indicates that in mice Gq/G11-mediated signaling has an essential role in transmitting TSH-induced signals. This makes Gq and G11 potential new targets for the treatment of hyperthyroidism and goiter. (2007-08-09)

Screening for thyroid cancer not recommended
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends against screening for thyroid cancer in adults without any signs or symptoms. The report appears in the May 9 issue of JAMA. (2017-05-09)

New treatment stops nasty side effects of thyroid cancer surgery, international study shows
A new approach to therapy can avoid most of the debilitating effects of preparing for critical, postsurgical treatment for patients with thyroid cancer, according to an international study led by researchers from Johns Hopkins and the University of Pisa. (2004-06-16)

Thyroid cancer treatment varies by hospital, U-M study finds
Where thyroid cancer patients go for care plays a large role in whether they receive radioactive iodine treatment, a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center finds. (2011-08-16)

Mild thyroid dysfunction in early pregnancy linked to serious complications
Even moderate thyroid dysfunction during early pregnancy significantly increases the risk of serious complications, underscoring the need for universal screening in the first trimester, a new study finds. The results will be presented Saturday at the Endocrine Society's 94th Annual Meeting in Houston. (2012-06-23)

Incidence of diagnosed thyroid cancer may be leveling off
In a study published online by JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Luc G. T. Morris, M.D., M.Sc., of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues analyzed the incidence of thyroid cancer in the US from 1983 to 2012. The incidence of thyroid cancer has risen rapidly since the 1990s. This increase, chiefly comprising small papillary cancers, has been attributed to widespread diagnosis of subclinical disease. (2016-04-14)

Radiation from CT scans associated with increased risk for cancer
A new study in JNCI Cancer Spectrum finds that exposure to radiation from CT scans is associated with higher risks of developing thyroid cancer and leukemia. (2019-11-19)

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