Transplantation Current Events

Transplantation Current Events, Transplantation News Articles.
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International Meeting To Highlight Latest Developments In Liver Transplantation
Medical experts from around the world will gather Oct. 15 to 17 in Seattle for a review of state-of-the-art developments in liver transplantation at the Fourth Congress of the International Liver Transplantation Society (1997-09-23)

Major inequalities in access to kidney transplant waiting list revealed
Major inequalities exist in access to the kidney (renal) transplant waiting list and renal transplantation in Scotland, finds a study in this week's BMJ. These inequalities may also exist elsewhere in the United Kingdom. (2003-11-27)

Technology may help increase number of kidneys transplanted
Many deceased donor kidneys are declined for transplantation because of concerns over their quality, but a new BJS (British Journal of Surgery) study found that a technique called normothermic machine perfusion can assess the quality of a kidney and determine its suitability for transplantation. (2017-12-06)

Regional disparities in transplantation rates
Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for ESRD because it prolongs survival, improves quality of life and is less costly than dialysis. In spite of this, there is marked regional disparity in rates of transplantation across Canada. (2005-11-07)

New method to grow and transplant muscle stem cells holds promise for treatment of MD
Satellite cells are stem cells found in skeletal muscles. While transplantation of such muscle stem cells can be a potent therapy for degenerative muscle diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy, these cells tend to lose their transplantation efficiency when cultured in vitro. In a study in the current issue of the Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases, researchers treated these stem cells with leukemia inhibitory factor, which effectively maintained the undifferentiated state of the satellite cells and enhanced their transplantation efficiency. (2016-06-28)

Obese kidney failure patients receive survival benefit from transplantation
Most obese individuals with kidney failure can prolong their lives by receiving a kidney transplant, although this survival benefit is lower in severely obese individuals. That's the conclusion of a new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation. The findings will hopefully decrease differences in access to transplantation for obese patients. (2013-07-25)

Heavy drinking endangers the health of liver transplants
Alcoholic liver disease is a major indication for liver transplantation, but up to 20 percent of patients experience severe alcoholic relapse. New research shows that such relapse can cause significant damage to newly transplanted livers. (2016-04-07)

New clinical prediction index to help patients considering kidney transplant
A new clinical prediction index has been developed to determine the risk of death in patients with end-stage kidney disease considering transplantation, states a Research article in CMAJ. (2010-03-29)

Use of opioid pain medications may affect liver transplant patients' survival
An analysis of nearly 30,000 patients undergoing liver transplantation in the United States between 2008 and 2014 found elevated death and organ loss rates in the first five years after transplantation among recipients with the highest use of opioid pain medications while on the waiting list. (2017-03-02)

Lung transplantation: A treatment option in end-stage lung disease
In the past five years, the number of lung transplantations carried out has increased by about 20 percent. In the end stage of various lung diseases, transplantation is the last remaining option for treatment, and it can both prolong life and improve its quality. Marc Hartert and colleagues have studied how patients do after a lung transplant, and their review appears in the current edition of the Deutsches Aerzteblatt International. (2014-03-05)

Study's findings could help expand the donor pool for liver transplantation
Organ donation after circulatory death, in which transplant organs are taken from donors after ay period of no blood circulation or oxygenation, is often considered inferior to donation after brain death, in which circulation and oxygenation are maintained until organs are removed for transplantation (2015-09-08)

Credit Cards Could Double As Donor Cards
Dr. Neil Davidson from the Armed Forces Hospital in Kuwait suggests that credit cards could be used as donor cards, indicating that on the death of a patient they consent to donate their organs for transplantation. (1998-08-14)

New book from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press on transplantation
Written and edited by experts in the field, (2013-11-15)

Women, blacks, Medicare recipients less likely to be evaluated for liver transplantation
Patient race, gender and insurance status influence decisions about who will go on to receive liver transplants, according to a University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine study. Available online and published in the September issue of the American Journal of Transplantation, the study indicates that women, blacks and patients with Medicare who are in end-stage liver disease are less likely to be referred and evaluated for liver transplantation. (2009-08-31)

Early promise for steroid-free liver transplantation in children
Results of a preliminary study into paediatric liver transplantation in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest that successful transplantation could take place without the need for steroid treatment-with potential health benefits for transplant recipients. (2003-12-18)

Researchers devise index for predicting long-term survival after liver re-transplantation
UCLA researchers have identified eight risk factors for potential re-transplantation failure and, using mathematical modeling, developed a risk scoring system ranging from 0 to 12 to gauge the risk of re-transplantation failure. (2011-09-28)

New lung transplantation research presented at CHEST 2008
New research related to lung transplantation will be presented at CHEST 2008. Studies will highlight complications associated with lung transplantation. (2008-10-28)

Brazil faces major challenges in liver transplantation
A recent analysis indicates that more than 1,700 liver transplantations are performed annually in Brazil. While Brazil performs more liver transplant surgeries than anywhere else in Latin America and is third worldwide in absolute terms, the country averages only 5 to 10 liver transplants per million population due to its increasing population and inadequate donor organ supply. (2016-08-01)

Scientists trace the stem cells that repopulate bone marrow after transplantation
Scientists have finally tracked down the precise subset of blood-forming (also known as hematopoietic) stem cells, or HSCs, that are capable of fully repopulating the bone marrow after transplantation in nonhuman primates. (2017-11-01)

Livers from non-heart beating donors would boost organ supply
Liver transplants from non-heart beating donors have the potential to increase the supply of organs by as much as 20 percent, according to experts in this week's BMJ. (2006-02-16)

US sees declining use of available donor hearts for transplantation despite a growing waiting list
Increasing numbers of people in the United States are developing heart failure, which leads to death within five years in approximately half of patients. (2015-02-10)

Children's Hospital physicians publish review of transplant issues in patients with biliary atresia
The most common indication worldwide for pediatric transplantation, biliary atresia is also the most common cause of chronic liver disease in newborns. Recently, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC physicians completed a review of issues that children with biliary atresia face that lead to the need for transplantation. (2008-01-08)

U of MN Center for Bioethics receives grant to study living donor lung transplantation
The University of Minnesota's Maryam Valapour, M.D., has received a $750,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health to study living-donor lung transplantation. (2006-11-21)

Life span of ovarian grafts longer than expected
Transplanting previously frozen ovarian tissue back into female cancer survivors can lead to long-term hormonal function and preservation of fertility, according to a new study by Samuel Kim from the University of Kansas Medical Center in the US. His work, which shows that hormonal function was restored in five women 12-20 weeks after transplantation, and in one case lasted for more than seven years, appears online in the Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, published by Springer. (2012-06-28)

Successful pregnancy possible after kidney transplant
A new study recently published in the American Journal of Transplantation reveals that the ability to successfully carry a pregnancy after kidney transplantation is very high, with 73.5 percent live birth rates. (2011-10-20)

The road to successful uterus transplantation to restore fertility
Swedish clinicians recently reported the first live birth after uterus transplantation, which was followed by two more uneventful births and another pregnancy that is near term. (2015-05-18)

Many more lungs suitable for transplantation
Four patients now have new lungs thanks to a purpose-built machine used for the first time worldwide by Sahlgrenska University Hospital. Acquired for research at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, the new machine will contribute to more lung transplants in the long term. (2011-06-30)

Common cause for complications after kidney transplantation identified
The BK polyomavirus often causes complications after kidney transplantation. The research group of Professor Hans H. Hirsch from the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel has now been able to show, that the immunosuppressive drug Tacrolimus directly activates the replication of the virus and could thus be responsible for these complications. The American Journal of Transplantation has published the study. (2015-11-23)

Wolters Kluwer Health and the Transplantation Society announce a partnership
Wolters Kluwer Health and the Transplantation Society are pleased to announce a partnership affiliation to advance content and access to Transplantation journal, the official journal of the Transplantation Society, for society members and subscribers. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, part of Wolters Kluwer Health, is the publisher of Transplantation. (2012-07-26)

Are too many lungs not being considered for transplantation? (p 621)
Authors of a research letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET suggest that new scientific evidence is required to clarify the criteria for assessing potential lung donors. (2002-08-22)

Heart transplants benefit only the sickest patients
Heart transplantation improves survival only in patients with the worst heart failure and therefore at the highest risk of death while on the waiting list, according to a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-08-31)

Patient's own cells might be used as treatment for Parkinson's disease
Studies in rodents have suggested that the body may mount an immune response and destroy cells derived from iPSCs. New research in monkeys refutes these findings, suggesting that in primates like us, such cells will not be rejected by the immune system. In the paper iPSCs from nonhuman primates successfully developed into the neurons depleted by Parkinson's disease while eliciting only a minimal immune response. The cells therefore could hold promise for successful transplantation in humans. (2013-09-26)

Transplanting both lungs gives longer survival than just 1 lung in younger COPD patients
Transplanting both lungs in younger patients in the end stages of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease gives longer survival than transplanting only one lung. This is the conclusion of authors of an article in this week's edition of the Lancet. (2008-02-28)

Loyola surgeon is editor of definitive textbook on lung transplantation
Loyola University Medical Center thoracic surgeon Wickii Vigneswaran, MD, is chief editor of the definitive new textbook, 'Lung Transplantation: Principles and Practice.' (2016-03-29)

International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation 27th Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions
The 27th Annual Meeting and Scientific Session of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation will be held at the Hilton Hotel in San Francisco, April 25-28, 2007. (2007-03-21)

Loss of intestinal goblet cells causes fatal disease after stem cell transplantation
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation can cause a loss of protective goblet cells from the colon's inner lining, which can be fatal. But boosting those cells beforehand could improve the outcome. (2020-07-01)

Heart Laser Surgery: An Alternative To Transplantation
Heart laser surgery replaces transplantation in patients with severe coronary artery disease. Patients receiving Transmyocardial Revascularization (TMR) experienced survival rates of 85% which compares favorably with survival at 1 year post transplant. TMR offers an alternative to transplant patients without the side effects of immunosuppression therapy and mortality associated with waiting for a transplant. (1998-04-17)

Cedars-Sinai surgeon and policymaker honored for work in liver disease and transplantation
Andrew S. Klein M.D., M.B.A., director of the Cedars-Sinai Comprehensive Transplant Center is being honored for a lifetime of achievement in the field of liver transplantation by the Los Angeles chapter of the American Liver Foundation. (2014-05-01)

Autologous transplantation shows promising results for iPS cell therapy in Parkinson's disease
A research team led by Professor Jun Takahashi at CiRA, Kyoto University has carried out a study to compare the impact of immune response in autologous and allogeneic transplantation. The researchers used cynomolgus monkeys to carry out transplantation into the brain of neurons derived from iPS cells. Autologous transplantation was found to produce almost no immune reaction and to result in viable neural cells. By contrast, allogeneic transplantation provoked immune reaction by microglia and lymphocytes. (2013-09-26)

Estrogen protects female mice from ischemic injury after kidney transplants
In this month's issue of the JCI, research led by Matthew Levine at the University of Pennsylvania linked female resilience to renal ischemia with protective effects of estrogen. (2016-04-18)

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