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White Matter Current Events, White Matter News Articles.
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Problems getting around in old age? Blame your brain
New research shows how well people get around and keep their balance in old age is linked to the severity of changes happening in their brains. The study is published in the March 18, 2008, issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. White matter changes, also called leukoaraiosis, are frequently seen in older people and differ in severity. (2008-03-17)

MRI-based measurement helps predict vascular disease in the brain
Aortic arch pulse wave velocity, a measure of arterial stiffness, is a strong independent predictor of disease of the vessels that supply blood to the brain, according to a new study. (2013-05-23)

Brains of overweight people 'ten years older' than lean counterparts at middle-age
From middle-age, the brains of obese individuals display differences in white matter similar to those in lean individuals ten years their senior, according to new research led by the University of Cambridge. (2016-08-04)

White matter damage linked to chronic musculoskeletal pain in Gulf War veterans
A Veterans Affairs study has linked structural damage in the white matter of the brain to chronic musculoskeletal pain in Gulf War veterans. (2017-11-01)

Brain's white matter -- More 'talkative' than once thought
Johns Hopkins scientists have discovered to their surprise that nerves in the mammalian brain's white matter do more than just ferry information between different brain regions, but in fact process information the way gray matter cells do. (2007-05-06)

Structural brain connectivity as a genetic marker for schizophrenia
Schizophrenia has been considered an illness of disrupted brain connectivity since its earliest descriptions. Several studies have suggested brain white matter is affected not only in patients with schizophrenia but also in individuals at increased risk for the disease. (2015-11-25)

Development of egg white-based strong hydrogel via ordered protein condensation
How to Cook Egg to Tough Material: Egg white-based strong hydrogel was created. The fluid material containing orderly condensed egg white proteins at regular intervals was produced by the mixing of both anionic and cationic surfactant to unpurified egg white proteins. This fluid material was gelled by heating and showed high mechanical properties. The maximum compressive fracture strength was <150-fold higher than that of usual boiled egg white. (2018-01-31)

Size of hippocampus may indicate early dementia
The size of the part of the brain known as the hippocampus may be linked to future dementia, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2010-11-15)

Similar characteristics of brain DTI for healthy adult rhesus monkey and young people
There are similar characteristics of brain DTI for healthy adult rhesus monkey and young people. (2014-01-03)

Blood pressure drug helps delay ischemic brain damage in stroke patients
A drug used to lower blood pressure can help stop or delay the progress of further ischemic brain lesions in stroke patients according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco, Calif., April 24 - May 1, 2004. (2004-04-27)

Imaging test may identify biomarker of Alzheimer's disease
Degeneration of the white matter of the brain may be an early marker of specific types of Alzheimer's disease (AD), including early-onset AD, according to results of a new study. (2015-05-27)

Kaixin Jieyu Fang for treatment of vascular depression
These results, published in the Neural Regeneration Research, indicate that Kaixin Jieyu Fang can alleviate cerebral white matter damage, and the underlying mechanism is associated with regulation of Bcl-2/Bax protein and mRNA expression, which is one of possible mechanism behind the protective effect of Kaixin Jieyu Fang against vascular depression. (2014-03-27)

Carnegie Mellon uses new imaging technique to discover differences in brains of people with autism
Using a new form of brain imaging known as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), researchers in the Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging at Carnegie Mellon University have discovered that the so-called white matter in the brains of people with autism has lower structural integrity than in the brains of normal individuals. This provides further evidence that the anatomical differences characterizing the brains of people with autism are related to the way those brains process information. (2006-10-23)

New brain imaging and computer modeling predicts autistic brain activity and behavior
New research from CMU's Marcel Just provides an explanation for some of autism's mysteries and gives scientists clear targets for developing intervention and treatment therapies. Just and his team used brain imaging and computer modeling to show how the brain's white matter tracts -- the cabling that connects separated brain areas -- are altered in autism and how these alterations can affect brain function and behavior. (2012-03-06)

Imaging shows structural changes in mild traumatic brain injury
Researchers report that diffusion tensor imaging can identify structural changes in the white matter of the brain that correlates to cognitive deficits even in patients with mild traumatic brain injury. (2007-10-25)

Whites distrust biracial people when their racial presentation varies, rutgers study finds
Whites consider biracial people to be less trustworthy if they change their racial presentation depending on circumstances, Rutgers University-New Brunswick researchers find. (2018-05-15)

No evidence of an association between silent brain infarcts and having migraine with aura
A large cross-sectional study focused on women with migraines with aura and compared their brain MRI images with those of women not suffering from migraine. No differences between these two groups of women were found with regard to number of silent infarcts* and white matter hyperintensities (WMH). The findings were published today in Brain. (2016-05-03)

Adolescent binge drinking may compromise the brain's white matter, necessary for information relay
White matter integrity is essential for the efficient relay of information within the brain. Researchers have examined white matter integrity among adolescent binge drinkers. Findings show that adolescents with histories of binge drinking have a lower coherence of white matter fibers. (2009-04-22)

Epilepsy -- why do seizures sometimes continue after surgery?
New research from the University of Liverpool, published in the journal Brain, has highlighted the potential reasons why many patients with severe epilepsy still continue to experience seizures even after surgery. (2016-11-17)

Genre may impact cognitive training using video games
Video games are quickly becoming a hot topic in cognitive training. Many see them as a potential tool to help patients improve their performance and memory, yet little is known about how different types of video games may affect white matter in the brain and cognition. (2017-10-02)

Blood may hold clues to risk of memory problems after menopause, Mayo study finds
New Mayo Clinic research suggests that blood may hold clues to whether post-menopausal women may be at an increased risk for areas of brain damage that can lead to memory problems and possibly increased risk of stroke. The study shows that blood's tendency to clot may contribute to areas of brain damage called white matter hyperintensities. The findings are published in the Feb. 13 online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2013-02-13)

Carnegie Mellon scientists discover first evidence of brain rewiring in children
Carnegie Mellon University scientists Timothy Keller and Marcel Just have uncovered the first evidence that intensive instruction to improve reading skills in young children causes the brain to physically rewire itself, creating new white matter that improves communication within the brain. (2009-12-09)

Alzheimer's disease may originate in the brain's white matter
The baffling origin of Alzheimer's disease has typically been placed in the brain's gray matter. But a new study suggests the disease might actually start in the white matter -- an area of the brain that has been thoroughly neglected by scientists. The findings could provide a fresh direction for Alzheimer's research, offering the potential for early diagnosis and enhanced therapies. (2002-09-18)

Water-diffusion technology identifies brain regions damaged by prenatal alcohol exposure
Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder often have structural brain damage. Recent findings show that several specific white matter regions, as well as deep gray matter areas, of the brain are particularly sensitive to prenatal alcohol exposure. These abnormalities likely underlie the cognitive, motor, behavioral and emotional difficulties that are associated with FASD. (2008-07-18)

Schizophrenia related to abnormal fatty metabolism in the brain
Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Brian Science (CBS) in Japan have discovered a deficiency in the brains of people with schizophrenia that could lead to the development of new drug therapies. A postmortem comparison published in Schizophrenia Bulletin revealed that schizophrenia was associated with lower than normal levels of S1P, a type of fatty molecule found in the white matter of the brain. (2020-04-28)

MRI may help predict cognitive impairment in professional fighters
Images of the brain's gray and white matter obtained with multiple MRI techniques can help identify and track cognitive impairment in active professional fighters, according to a new study. (2017-07-25)

Racial disparities evident in taking sexual histories in emergency departments
Emergency department physicians are more likely to document sexual histories of black adolescent girls with symptoms potentially related to sexually transmitted infections than white teen girls with the same symptoms, according to a new study from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. The result is that emergency physicians may be providing less comprehensive services for white teen girls than black, say study authors. (2010-05-04)

Age-related changes in lateral ventricular width and periventricular white matter by DTI
Ventricular enlargement has been suggested as a structural biomarker for normal aging and progression of some illnesses, such as Alzheimer's disease. However, the question of how this structural change in the brain in normal elderly affects change of white matters remains a topic of interest and concern. Dr. Sang Seok Yeo, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Republic of Korea, and his team performed a diffusion tensor imaging study to investigate the question. They detected four regions of interest in the periventricular white matter of 60 normal subjected aged 20-78 years using DTI technique: the anterior corona radiata, the posterior corona radiata, and the genu and splenium of the corpus callosum. They also assessed ventricular width using ventricular body index, anterior horn index, and posterior horn index, and found that the increase of fractional anisotropy value and apparent diffusion coefficient value of the anterior and posterior corona radiata appear to be related to enlargement of the ventricle by normal aging. Consequently, these effects on periventricular white matter might show correlation with cognitive and sensory motor deficits by aging. (2014-07-15)

New research sheds light on underlying cause of brain injury in stroke
New research led by Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry shows how the drug QNZ-46 can help to lessen the effects of excess release of glutamate in the brain -- the main cause of brain injury in stroke. As stroke is the second leading cause of disability and early death in the UK, this study could offer hope to thousands of people at risk. (2018-03-15)

Father's early-life exposure to stress associated with child's brain development
The FinnBrain research of the University of Turku has demonstrated for the first time that the stress the father has experienced in his childhood is connected to the development of the white matter tracts in the child's brain. Whether this connection is transmitted through epigenetic inheritance needs further research. (2021-02-04)

COVID-19 associated with leukoencephalopathy on brain MRI
According to an open-access article in ARRS' American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR), COVID-19-related disseminated leukoencephalopathy (CRDL) represents an important--albeit uncommon--differential consideration in patients with neurologic manifestations of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). (2021-02-17)

Apathy common in dementia patients with brain changes
Dementia patients with a certain type of changes in their brain's white matter are more likely to be apathetic than those who do not have these changes, reveals a patient study carried out by the Sahlgrenska Academy and Sahlgrenska University Hospital. (2009-12-02)

New MRI technique offers faster diagnosis of multiple sclerosis
A new way of using MRI scanners to look for evidence of multiple sclerosis in the brain has been successfully tested by researchers at The University of Nottingham and Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust. (2016-02-01)

Imaging study provides new biological insights on functional neurological disorder
New research has uncovered pathways in the brain's white matter that may be altered in patients with functional neurological disorder. (2019-11-26)

Changes in brain, not age, determine one's ability to focus on task
When it comes to focusing on a task amid distractions, some folks more than 60 years old are as mentally sharp as 22-year-olds. Others struggle. Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have shed some light on why that is. (2005-10-26)

Study links nonconcussion head impacts in contact sports to brain changes and lower test scores
Repeated blows to the head during a season of contact sports may cause changes in the brain's white matter and affect cognitive abilities even if none of the impacts resulted in a concussion. (2013-12-11)

Alterations in brain's white matter key to schizophrenia, UCLA study shows
In the first study of its kind, UCLA researchers used a novel form of brain imaging to discover that white matter in the brains of adolescents at-risk of developing schizophrenia does not develop at the same rate as healthy people. Further, the extent of these alterations can be used to predict how badly patients will, or will not, deteriorate functionally over time. (2009-06-22)

White on white: Nation's first ever 'whiteness' survey provides new insight on race
What whites think about their own race is the focus of a first-of-its-kind national survey by researchers in the University of Minnesota's department of sociology. From a telephone survey of more than 2,000 households nationwide, results show that there is more recognition among white people of their own racial identity and the social privileges that come with it than was previously thought. (2006-09-06)

Study shows white matter damage caused by 'skunk-like' cannabis
Smoking high potency 'skunk-like' cannabis can damage a crucial part of the brain responsible for communication between the two brain hemispheres, according to a new study by scientists from King's College London and Sapienza University of Rome. (2015-11-26)

Learning with music can change brain structure, study shows
Using musical cues to learn a physical task significantly develops an important part of the brain, according to a new study. (2017-07-06)

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