Working Memory Current Events

Working Memory Current Events, Working Memory News Articles.
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Flexibility of working memory from random connections
Working memory is your ability to hold things 'in mind.' It acts as a workspace in which information can be held, manipulated, and used to guide behavior. It plays a critical role in cognition, decoupling behavior from the immediate sensory world. One remarkable thing about working memory is its flexibility -- you can hold anything in mind. In their new manuscript, Bouchacourt and Buschman present the first model of working memory that captures this flexibility. (2019-05-16)

Scientists bring 'forgotten' memories back to mind
New evidence overturns a theory that in order for a short-term memory to be maintained, the neurons that represent that memory must be continuously active. (2016-12-01)

One-month worth of memory training results in 30 minutes
A significant part of working memory training effects is a result of a fast development of task-specific strategies during training, rather than an increase in working memory capacity. (2018-03-07)

Chimpanzees' working memory similar to ours
Working memory is central to our mental lives; we use it to add up the cost of our shopping or to remember the beginning of this sentence at its end. Some scientists argue it is particularly developed in humans, but how do chimpanzees, one of our closest relatives, compare? Researchers from the University of St. Andrews, the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, and the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna set out to answer this question. (2019-07-23)

Pulling an all-nighter impairs working memory in women
Over the last few decades, a wealth of evidence has accumulated to suggest that a lack of sleep is bad for mind and body. Working memory is important for keeping things in mind for briefer periods of time, which thereby facilitates reasoning and planning. A team of sleep scientists from Uppsala University now demonstrates that acute sleep loss impacts working memory differently in women and men. (2018-01-31)

Memory-enhancing drugs for elderly may impair high-level brain function
A new study cautions that drugs being designed to enhance some forms of memory in the elderly may actually worsen working memory, such as the cognitive ability to hold a phone number in mind long enough to dial it. (2003-11-05)

Highly accomplished people more prone to failure than others when under stress
Talented people often choke under pressure because the distraction caused by stress consumes their working memory. Highly accomplished people tend to heavily rely on their abundant supply of working memory and are therefore disadvantaged when challenged to solve difficult problems, such as mathematical ones, under pressure, according to research by Sian Beilock, assistant professor of Psychology at the University of Chicago. (2007-02-17)

Working memory might be more flexible than previously thought
Breaking with the long-held idea that working memory has fixed limits, a new study by researchers at Uppsala University and New York University suggests that these limits adapt themselves to the task that one is performing. The results are presented in the scientific journal eLife. (2018-08-16)

The brain's RAM
Thousands of times a day, the brain stores sensory information for very short periods of time in a working memory, to be able to use it later. A research study carried out with the collaboration of SISSA has shown, for the first time, that this function also exists in the brain of rodents, a finding that sheds light on the evolutionary origins of this cognitive mechanism. (2014-01-21)

Study examines how high altitude affects memory
Oxygen is essential for maintaining normal human brain function, and living at high altitudes can lead to deficits in cognition such as attention and memory. A new Brain and Behavior study investigated the potential mechanisms of this effect and the impact of high altitude exposure on aspects of short-term memory. (2019-03-20)

Greater working memory capacity benefits analytic, but not creative, problem-solving
Psychological scientists have long known that the amount of information we can actively hold in mind at any given time - known as working memory - is limited. Our working memory capacity reflects our ability to focus and control attention and strongly influences our ability to solve problems. Psychological scientists find that while increased working memory capacity seems to boost mathematical problem-solving, it might actually get in the way of creative problem solving. (2012-08-07)

Memory training builds upon strategy use
Researchers from Åbo Akademi University, Finland, and Umeå University, Sweden, have for the first time obtained clear evidence of the important role strategies have in memory training. Training makes participants adopt various strategies to manage the task, which then affects the outcome of the training. (2019-10-25)

Research unlocks clues to language-based learning in children
According to the National Center for Learning Disabilities, one in five individuals are impacted by language-based learning disabilities -- one of the most common being dyslexia, which involves difficulty in reading or interpreting words, letters and other symbols. Now, a new study from the University of Missouri that focuses on typically learning children, has found a link between 'working memory' and how children learn. Researchers feel this discovery may later help educators uncover new ways to teach children with learning disabilities. (2016-12-12)

Of mice and memory: 'Working memory' of mice can be improved
Mice trained to improve their working memory become more intelligent, suggesting that similar improvements in working memory might help human beings enhance their brain power, according to research published today in Current Biology by researchers at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. (2010-03-25)

Bilingual children have a better 'working memory' than monolingual children
A study conducted at the University of Granada and the University of York in Toronto, Canada, has revealed that bilingual children have a better working memory, which holds, processes and updates transitory information. (2013-02-20)

Smoking causes cognitive impairment in adolescents
Adolescents who smoke show impairment of working memory and other cognitive functions. (2005-02-01)

A child's brain activity reveals their memory ability
A child's unique brain activity reveals how good their memories are, according to research recently published in JNeurosci. (2020-05-25)

Human working memory is based on dynamic interaction networks in the brain
A research project of the Neuroscience Center of the University of Helsinki sheds light on the neuronal mechanisms sustaining memory traces of visual stimuli in the human brain. The results show that the maintenance of working memory is associated with synchronization of neurons, which facilitates communication between different parts of the brain. On the basis of interaction between the brain areas, it was even possible to predict the subject's individual working memory capacity. (2010-04-13)

Spice up your memory
Adding just one gram of turmeric to breakfast could help improve the memory of people who are in the very early stages of diabetes and at risk of cognitive impairment. (2014-11-17)

Can surgery and anaesthesia affect memory?
Findings from a new Anaesthesia study suggest that patients may score slightly lower on certain memory tests after having surgery and anaesthesia. (2018-02-22)

Peppermint tea can help improve your memory
Peppermint tea can improve long-term and working memory and in healthy adults. (2016-04-28)

Seeing it both ways: Visual perspective in memory
Think of a memory from your childhood. Are you seeing the memory through your own eyes, or can you see yourself, while viewing that child as if you were an observer? (2019-08-27)

'I had them a moment ago, now where are my glasses?'
Short-term or (2005-02-17)

Study provides insights on the effects of exercise on cognitive performance
A new British Journal of Psychology study has looked at the details behind how cognitive performance may improve during aerobic exercise. (2018-10-12)

Development of working memory, allowing voluntary control of behavior, defined
A person's ability to have voluntary control over behavior depends on the brain processes, used, changes during development and gets better with age, according to a research study by scientists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. (2004-10-27)

Got to remember them all, Pokémon
Weiwei Zhang, assistant professor of psychology at the University of California, Riverside, found that people could learn and remember more of a subject when they were already familiar with it. And the more familiar they were with the subject, the better they remembered new information related to it. In the case of new research by Zhang, we're talking Pokémon characters. (2016-12-20)

Despite brain damage, working memory functions -- within limits
Larry R. Squire, Ph.D., professor of psychiatry, psychology and neurosciences at University of California -- San Diego and a scientist at the VA San Diego Healthcare System, report that working memory of relational information -- where an object is located, for example -- remains intact even if key brain structures like the hippocampus are damaged. (2010-10-12)

Working memory differs by parents' education; effects persist into adolescence
A new longitudinal study has found that differences in working memory- the ability to hold information in your mind, think about it, and use it to guide behavior -- that exist at age 10 persist through the end of adolescence. The study also found that parents' education -- one common measure of socioeconomic status -- is related to children's performance on tasks of working memory. The researchers studied more than 300 10- through 13-year-olds over four years. (2014-04-30)

Being in a good mood may lead to poor memory
Most people have had trouble remembering something they just heard. Now, a University of Missouri researcher found that forgetfulness may have something to do with being in a good mood. Elizabeth Martin, a doctoral student of psychology in the College of Arts and Science, has found that being in a good mood decreases your working memory capacity. (2011-03-30)

When 2 + 2 = major anxiety: Math performance in stressful situations
New research indicates that working memory is a key component of math anxiety. These findings suggest that worrying about a situation (such as solving an arithmetic problem in front of a group of people) takes up the working memory that is available for figuring out the math problem, resulting in poor performance in problem solving during stressful situations. (2008-12-09)

MU psychologists demonstrate simplicity of working memory
A mind is a terrible thing to waste, but humans may have even less to work with than previously thought. University of Missouri researchers found that the average person can keep just three or four things in their (2008-04-23)

New research finds working memory is the key to early academic achievement
Working memory in children is linked strongly to reading and academic achievement, a new study from the University of Luxembourg and partner Universities from Brazil has shown. Moreover, this finding holds true regardless of socioeconomic status. This suggests that children with learning difficulties might benefit from teaching methods that prevent working memory overload. (2014-07-08)

When it comes to memory, quality matters more than quantity
The capacity of our working memory is better explained by the quality of memories we can store than by their number, a team of psychology researchers has concluded. (2014-02-04)

Rescheduling of some Beagle 2 'cruise check-out' tests
The instruments on board ESA's mission to Mars, Mars Express, are in the process of being tested to verify that they have survived the launch successfully and will work properly. One of these tests on the Mars Express lander, Beagle 2, has been postponed to the first week of July. (2003-06-24)

Computational model reveals how the brain manages short-term memories
Salk scientists have developed a new computational model showing how the brain maintains information short-term using specific types of neurons. Their findings, published in Nature Neuroscience on December 7, 2020, could help shed light on why working memory is impaired in a broad range of neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, as well as in normal aging. (2020-12-17)

Motor excitability predicts working memory
Humans with a high motor excitability have a better working memory than humans with a low excitability. This was shown in a study conducted by scientists from the Transfacultary Research Platform at the University of Basel. By measuring the motor excitability, conclusions can be drawn as to the general cortical excitability -- as well as to cognitive performance. (2013-12-23)

Research from MU Brain Imaging Center may lead to treatment of a variety of mental disorders
One of the first studies published from the University of Missouri Brain Imaging Center gives researchers insight into the brain and memory and may provide researchers clues to treating a variety of debilitating disorders. (2011-01-25)

New clues about the aging brain's memory functions
A European study led by Umeå University Professor Lars Nyberg, has shown that the dopamine D2 receptor is linked to the long-term episodic memory, which function often reduces with age and due to dementia. This new insight can contribute to the understanding of why some but not others are affected by memory impairment. The results have been published in the journal PNAS. (2016-06-29)

Sleep improves memory in people with Parkinson's disease
People with Parkinson's disease performed markedly better on a test of working memory after a night's sleep, and sleep disorders can interfere with that benefit, researchers have shown. (2012-08-21)

Researchers find key to keep working memory working
Working memory, the ability to hold a thought in mind even through distraction, is the foundation of abstract reasoning and a defining characteristic of the human brain. It is also impaired in disorders such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. Now Yale researchers have found a key molecule that helps neurons maintain information in working memory, which could lead to potential treatments for neurocognitive disorders, they report March 19 in the journal Neuron. (2020-03-19)

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