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New Brandeis research sheds light on memory by erasing it
For years, scientists have studied the molecular basis of memory storage, trying to find the molecules that store memory, just as DNA stores genetic memory. In an important study published this week in the Journal of Neuroscience, Brandeis University researchers report for the first time that memory storage can be induced and then biochemically erased in slices of rat hippocampus by manipulating a so-called (2007-05-08)

Motor memory: The long and short of it
For the first time, scientists at USC have unlocked a mechanism behind the way short- and long-term motor memory work together and compete against one another. (2011-09-13)

Working memory has limited 'slots'
A new study by researchers at UC-Davis shows how our very short-term (2008-04-02)

Childhood brain tumors affect working memory of adult survivors, study finds
Adult survivors of childhood brain tumors have lower working memory performance compared to healthy adults, according to researchers at Georgia State University and Emory University. (2015-09-24)

Attention grabbers snatch lion's share of visual memory
Our visual memory is not as good as we may think, according to research funded by the Wellcome Trust -- but it can be used more flexibly than scientists previously thought. In a study published today in the journal Science, researchers have shown how we remember what we see and why we can recall visually important or striking images most clearly, using a topical example of a relay race to illustrate the concept. (2008-08-07)

Head injuries can make children loners
The study looked at kids three years after the initial incident and found that lingering injury in the brain's right frontal lobe is associated with lower social competence (participation in groups, number of friends, etc.). The study also suggests that therapy designed to improve working memory might 'treat' the social difficulties. (2014-04-10)

How marijuana impairs memory
A major downside of the medical use of marijuana is the drug's ill effects on working memory, the ability to transiently hold and process information for reasoning, comprehension and learning. Researchers reporting in the March 2 print issue of the Cell Press journal Cell provide new insight into the source of those memory lapses. The answer comes as quite a surprise: Marijuana's major psychoactive ingredient (THC) impairs memory independently of its direct effects on neurons. (2012-03-01)

Working Memory Theory Of Brain Organization Corroborated By Pet Images Of ADHS Patients
The first study to evaluate working memory in persons with ADHD using PET reported by Emory University researchers on Oct. 26 at the Society for Neuroscience meeting. (1997-10-27)

Selective amnesia -- How a traumatic memory can be wiped out
French CNRS scientists in collaboration have shown that a memory of a traumatic event can be wiped out. (2007-03-31)

Amnesiac study offers insights into how working memory works
Memory tests performed with amnesiacs have enabled researchers at the University of Pennsylvania to refute a long-held belief in an essential difference between long-and short-term memories. The amnesiacs, who lack the ability to form long-term memories, offered insight into the durability of (2006-05-31)

Musical skill reflects working memory capacity in addition to practice time
Practice will help you play piano better -- but it's not going to turn you into Liberace. A new study looks at the role that working memory capacity plays in piano players' ability to sight read a new piece of music, an important and complex skill for musicians. (2010-07-08)

Parents gone wild? Study suggests link between working memory and reactive parenting
It can be challenging sometimes for parents to maintain a cool head around their misbehaving children. The results of a new study reveal that the mothers whose negativity was most strongly linked with their child's challenging behaviors were those with the poorest working memory skills. These findings suggest that education and intervention efforts for improving parenting may be more effective if they incorporate strategies that enhance working memory skills in parents. (2009-12-03)

How cellular structure orchestrates immunologic memory
With every infection or vaccination, memory cells form that the body uses to remember the pathogen. This has been known for decades -- but the structure of this cellular immunologic memory has previously proven impossible to pin down. Researchers from the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel have now identified a microanatomical region in memory cells that enables them to work rapidly in the first few hours of an immune response, as they report in the journal Immunity. (2018-03-08)

Adaptation in single neurons provides memory for language processing
To understand language, we have to remember the words that were uttered and combine them into an interpretation. How does the brain retain information long enough to accomplish this, despite the fact that neuronal firing events are very short-lived? Hartmut Fitz from the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and his colleagues propose a neurobiological explanation bridging this discrepancy. Neurons change their spike rate based on experience and this adaptation provides memory for sentence processing. (2020-08-12)

Loss of brain synchrony may explain working memory limits, says study
A new study from City, University of London and MIT may have revealed the reasons behind our memory limitations. The researchers found that trying to retain too much information in our working memory leads to a communication breakdown between parts of the brain responsible for maintaining it. (2018-04-26)

While under pressure those most likely to succeed will most likely fail
Ironically, people who have the highest capacity for success are the most likely to choke under pressure. (2005-02-07)

Why all-nighters don't work: How sleep and memory go hand-in-hand
Scientists have long known that sleep, memory and learning are deeply connected but how has remained a mystery. The question is, does the mechanism that promotes sleep also consolidate memory, or do two distinct processes work together? In other words, is memory consolidated during sleep because the brain is quiet or are memory neurons actually putting us to sleep? In a recent paper in the journal eLife, Brandeis researchers make a case for the latter. (2015-01-23)

Think you have Alzheimer's? You just might be right, study says
New research by scientists at the University of Kentucky's Sanders-Brown Center on Aging suggests that people who notice their memory is slipping may be on to something. (2014-09-24)

People learn while they sleep, study suggests
People may be learning while they're sleeping -- an unconscious form of memory that is still not well understood, according to a study by Michigan State University researchers. (2011-09-27)

Macaques, like humans, know how well they can recall memories
Researchers have pinpointed a brain region monkeys use to evaluate their ability to recall memories. To date, this metamemory process, which requires a higher level of self-reflection about our own cognition, was thought by some to be unique to humans, though this research suggests otherwise. (2017-01-12)

A protein reinforces memory and prevents forgetfulness
An international research study has shown that, in animal models, Type 2 insulin growth factor reinforces memory and prevents forgetfulness. (2011-02-02)

Brandeis researcher awarded grant to investigate memory and aging
Brandeis psychologist Margie E. Lachman has been awarded a $1.45 million five-year grant from the National Institute on Aging to learn more about factors that can minimize memory declines in middle-aged and older adults. The research will identify modifiable beliefs and behaviors that are tied to better memory and enhanced functioning in everyday life. (2008-02-13)

Police with higher multitasking abilities less likely to shoot unarmed persons
In the midst of life-threatening situations requiring split-second decisions, police officers with a higher ability to multitask are less likely to shoot unarmed persons when feeling threatened during video simulations, a new Georgia State University study suggests. Heather Kleider, Dominic Parrott and Tricia King, assistant professors of psychology at Georgia State, have taken a unique look at officer-involved shooting situations, signs of negative emotions and working memory capacity -- the capacity to perform multiple mental tasks, such as reasoning, at the same time. (2009-03-30)

How memory and schizophrenia are connected
Many psychiatric disorders are accompanied by memory deficits. Basel scientists have now identified a network of genes that controls fundamental properties of neurons and is important for human brain activity, memory and the development of schizophrenia. Their results have been published in the online edition of the US journal Neuron. (2014-02-13)

A KAIST research team has developed a fully functional flexible memory
The team of Professor Keon Jae Lee has developed fully functional flexible non-volatile resistive random access memory where a memory cell can be randomly accessed, written, and erased on a plastic substrate. (2011-11-03)

A wandering mind reveals mental processes and priorities
Odds are, you're not going to make it all the way through this article without thinking about something else. (2012-03-15)

Moderate intensity exercise can benefit memory performance
University of Kent research has found that moderate intensity exercise such as brisk walking, water aerobics or cycling can have the most beneficial effect on memory performance. These findings suggest that it is not necessary for people to carry out highly strenuous exercise to achieve observable improvements in long-term memory, as moderate exercise can have a more positive influence. (2020-02-17)

NIST 'nanowire' measurements could improve computer memory
Recent NIST measurements may have revealed the optimal characteristics for a new type of highly efficient computer memory now under development -- nanowire-based charge-trapping memory devices. (2011-05-25)

Drug could improve working memory of people with autism, study finds
University of Missouri investigators found that propranolol, a drug commonly used to treat high blood pressure, anxiety and panic, improves the working memory performance of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. (2013-04-15)

UF researchers find drug therapy that could eventually reverse memory decline in seniors
It may seem normal: as we age, we misplace car keys, or can't remember a name we just learned or a meal we just ordered. But University of Florida researchers say memory trouble doesn't have to be inevitable, and they've found a drug therapy that could potentially reverse this type of memory decline. (2014-03-05)

Febrile convulsions in early childhood not harmful to the developing brain
A study of 87 young children ages 7 to 8 years old with a history of confirmed febrile convulsion (FC) found that the children performed consistently better than controls in working memory tests. (2001-07-09)

Healthy aging entails reorganization of function in prefrontal brain areas
Researchers from HSE University and York University have become the first to analyze the results of 82 functional neuroimaging studies on working memory mechanisms in different adult age groups. The meta-analyses showed that across studies the agreement of various areas of the prefrontal cortex decreases with aging, suggesting reorganization of brain function during healthy aging. The results have been published in NeuroImage journal. (2019-04-25)

Good sleep quality and good mood lead to good working memory with age
A team of psychologists has found strong associations between working memory -- a fundamental building block of a functioning mind -- and three health-related factors: sleep, age, and depressed mood. The team also reports that each of these factors is associated with different aspects of working memory. Working memory is the part of short-term memory that temporarily stores and manages information required for cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. (2019-05-10)

Younger people have 'high definition' memories
It's not that younger people are able to remember more than older people. Their memories seem better because they are able to retrieve them in higher definition. So says Philip Ko, in a study that sheds light on how differences in the behavioral and neural activity of younger and older adults influence the different generations' ability to store and recall memories. The findings appear in the journal Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, published by Springer. (2014-01-14)

Working memory retains visual details despite distractions
The ability to retain memory about the details of a natural scene is unaffected by the distraction of another activity and this information is retained in (2006-01-19)

Children's under-achievement could be down to poor working memory
Children who under-achieve at school may just have poor working memory rather than low intelligence according to researchers who have produced the world's first tool to assess memory capacity in the classroom. (2008-02-27)

A new glimpse into working memory
MIT study finds bursts of neural activity as the brain holds information in mind, overturns a long-held model. (2016-03-17)

Green tea boosts your brain
Green tea is said to have many putative positive effects on health. Now, researchers at the University of Basel are reporting first evidence that green tea extract enhances the cognitive functions, in particular the working memory. The Swiss findings suggest promising clinical implications for the treatment of cognitive impairments in psychiatric disorders such as dementia. The academic journal Psychopharmacology has published their results. (2014-04-07)

Study: Better memory makes people tire of experiences more quickly
People with stronger memories tire more quickly of experiences, according to a new study led by a University of Kansas researcher that could have implications on marketing and consumer behavior. (2017-05-01)

Study identifies brain's connections which keep related memories distinct from each other
Neuroscientists at the University of Bristol are a step closer to understanding how the connections in our brain which control our episodic memory work in sync to make some memories stronger than others. The findings, published in Nature Neuroscience, reveal a previously unsuspected division of memory function in the pathways between two areas of the brain, and suggest that certain subnetworks within the brain work separately, to enhance the distinctiveness of memories. (2017-01-20)

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