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How the brain encodes time and place
MIT neuroscientists have now identified a brain circuit that processes the 'when' and 'where' components of memory. (2015-09-23)

Researchers watch a next-gen memory bit switch in real time
For the first time, engineering researchers have been able to watch in real time the nanoscale process of a ferroelectric memory bit switching between the 0 and 1 states. (2011-11-17)

Study finds nicotine changes marijuana's effect on the brain
How scientists study the effects of marijuana on the brain is changing. Until recently marijuana research largely excluded tobacco users from its participant pool, but scientists at the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas have found reason to abandon this practice, uncovering significant differences in the brains of individuals who use both tobacco and marijuana and the brains of those who only use marijuana. (2015-08-18)

Like rats, you brain may contain 'time cells' that help form long-term memories
A new U of T study represents an important step in understanding the mystery behind how the brain encodes time when long-term memories are formed. (2019-03-13)

Findings reveal brain mechanisms at work during sleep
New findings presented today report the important role sleep plays, and the brain mechanisms at work as sleep shapes memory, learning, and behavior. The findings were presented at Neuroscience 2012, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health. (2012-10-16)

Binge drinking during adolescence impairs working memory, finds mouse study
Using a mouse model to simulate binge drinking, researchers at Columbia University showed that heavy alcohol use during adolescence damages neurons in the part of the brain involved in working memory. (2018-07-19)

£1.1 million study to reduce cognitive problems in people with MS
Experts in Nottingham are leading a major new study into how people with multiple sclerosis could overcome problems with attention and memory associated to their condition. (2015-03-25)

Food recognition in hundred-year-olds: this explains how our semantic memory works
A study by SISSA shows that, differently from younger individuals, centenarians recognise natural foods more accurately than processed foods, because they have eaten them with greater frequency during their lifetime. This result clarifies the mechanisms at the root of our semantic memory, that do not appear to depend on the characteristics of food alone but also on experience and eating habits throughout one's lifetime. (2018-05-10)

Distress-prone people more likely to develop memory problems
People who are easily distressed and have more negative emotions are more likely to develop memory problems than more easygoing people, according to a study published in the June 12, 2007, issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2007-06-11)

Posting personal experiences on social media may help you remember them in the future
A new study -- the first to look at social media's effect on memory -- suggests posting personal experiences on social media makes those events much easier to recall. (2016-09-07)

Reducing academic pressure may help children succeed
Children may perform better in school and feel more confident about themselves if they are told that failure is a normal part of learning, rather than being pressured to succeed at all costs, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association. (2012-03-12)

Manipulating tiny skyrmions with small electric currents
A research group from the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science have managed to manipulate and track the movement of individual magnetic vortices called skyrmions, which have been touted as strong candidates to act as information carriers in next-generation storage devices and as synapses for neuromorphic computing. (2020-06-17)

Family environment affects adolescent brain development
Childhood environment and socioeconomic status affect cognitive ability and brain development during adolescence independently of genetic factors, researchers at Karolinska Institutet report in a new study published in the journal PNAS. The study demonstrates how important the family environment is, not just during early infancy but also throughout adolescence. (2020-05-20)

Watching a memory form
Neuroscientists at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science have discovered a novel mechanism for memory formation. Voltage-sensitive dye imaging of the swim motor program of the sea slug Tritonia reveals that some neurons possess characteristics that predispose them to join neural networks in which learning is taking place. The findings represent a shift from the field's long-term focus on synaptic plasticity. (2015-11-05)

Lithium restores cognitive function in Down syndrome mice
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers led by Laura Gasparini at the Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia in Genova, Italy report that lithium, a drug commonly used for the treatment of mood disorders in humans, restores neurogenesis in the hippocampus, a part of the brain strongly associated with learning and memory. (2012-12-03)

Wayne State develops better understanding of memory retrieval between children and adults
Neuroscientists from Wayne State University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are taking a deeper look into how the brain mechanisms for memory retrieval differ between adults and children. While the memory systems are the same in many ways, the researchers have learned that crucial functions with relevance to learning and education differ. The team's findings were published on July 17, 2012, in the Journal of Neuroscience. (2012-07-24)

BUSM study reveals potential target to better treat, cure anxiety disorders
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine have, for the first time, identified a specific group of cells in the brainstem whose activation during rapid eye movement sleep is critical for the regulation of emotional memory processing. (2013-03-05)

Protein pairs make cells remember
Even single cells are able to remember information if they receive the order from their proteins. Researchers at the University of Basel's Biozentrum have discovered that proteins form pairs to give the signal for storing information in the cell's memory. The results of the study have now been published in Cell Reports. (2016-07-15)

'Speed of thought' guides brain's memory consolidation
Memory consolidation, unconstrained by the interactions between the observer and the world, appears to move between the cortex and the hippocampus at speeds six or seven times faster than the actual events that created the memories. (2007-11-15)

Breakthrough in magnetic devices could make computers more powerful
Scientists have created novel (2006-12-06)

Thyroid hormone, brain development, and behavior
Dr. Bjorn Vennstrom and colleagues in Spain and at the Karolinska Institute (Sweden) have identified novel neural functions of thyroid hormone (TH), revealing that it is required during discrete periods of brain development to confer (2005-08-29)

Can traumatic memories be erased?
Tokyo, Japan - Scientists from Tokyo Metropolitan University have discovered that Drosophila flies lose long-term memory (LTM) of a traumatic event when kept in the dark, the first confirmation of environmental light playing a role in LTM maintenance. The team also identified the specific molecular mechanism responsible for this effect. LTMs are notoriously difficult to erase; this work may lead to novel treatments for sufferers of trauma, perhaps even the erasure of life-altering traumatic memories. (2020-03-14)

£1.1M for study into how 'acetylcholine' influences brain network activity
A £1.1 million grant to understand how one of the brain's key neurotransmitters called 'acetylcholine' influences brain activity has been awarded to University of Bristol researchers. The Wellcome Trust award will help scientists understand more precisely how the release of acetylcholine is changing brain cell activity to influence memory and cognition. (2013-11-14)

Where language pionieer Paul Broca and alien music meet
What might alien music sound like? Would it be structured hierarchically as our music is with verses and a chorus? Would we even be able to appreciate it? Vincent Cheung from Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, thinks the answer would be yes, assuming it was predicated on local and non-local dependencies. His research published this week in Scientific Reports explains what exactly that means. (2018-03-13)

Color memory influenced by categories, according to new Rutgers-Camden research
While color perception universally involves the practice of categorizing colors according to basic labels, a new study at Rutgers University-Camden investigates the influence of categorization on color memory. (2015-06-23)

Mild cognitive impairment appears to be Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found that most of the people diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by the school's Memory and Aging Project (MAP) develop Alzheimer's disease in the following years. The results suggest that MCI, characterized by minor memory loss, is an early stage of Alzheimer's disease rather than a separate disorder. (2001-03-13)

Spaced out
Repetition is a hallmark of advertising, but the advertisements to which consumers are exposed are not simply repeated without a plan. Instead, the idea of (2005-07-25)

New study of the memory through optogenetics
A collaboration between Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and Harvard University pioneers the increase of memory using optogenetics in mice in Spain. The study was based on light stimulation of a group of neurons, named Tac2, in the cerebral amygdala. These neurons play a key role in the memory of fear. Treated mice increased their long-term memory. This is the first time in the world that Tac2 has been stimulated by optogenetics. (2016-06-01)

Psychologist finds 'shocking' impact on name recall
Temple psychologist Ingrid Olson has found a way to improve the recall of proper names. In a recent study, she found that electric stimulation of the right anterior temporal lobe of the brain improved the recall of proper names in young adults by 11 percent. (2010-10-06)

Training the brain to improve on new tasks
A brain-training task that increases the number of items an individual can remember over a short period of time may boost performance in other problem-solving tasks by enhancing communication between different brain areas. The new study being presented this week in San Francisco is one of a growing number of experiments on how working-memory training can measurably improve a range of skills -- from multiplying in your head to reading a complex paragraph. (2013-04-15)

Perfect imperfection: Electrode defects boost resistive memory efficiency
Resistive switching memory devices offer several advantages over the currently used computer memory technology. Researchers from the MIPT Atomic Layer Deposition Lab have joined forces with colleagues from Korea to study the impact of electrode surface morphology on the properties of a resistive switching memory cell. It turned out that thicker electrodes have greater surface roughness and are associated with markedly better memory cell characteristics (2020-11-23)

From shared to distributed memory systems for applications
Shared-memory computing applications have never taken particularly well to operating on distributed-memory systems, at least until now. A possible solution has emerged, of interest to NASA and IBM, and is being tested on their distributed computing systems. (2005-09-23)

Older women with memory problems at increased risk for restless nights
Older women experiencing memory loss are more likely than women without cognitive decline to have problems falling asleep and staying asleep, according to a study published in the July 17, 2007, issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2007-07-16)

Study links physical activity to better memory among older adults
Could staying physically active improve quality of life by delaying cognitive decline and prolonging an independent lifestyle? A new study has found that older adults who take more steps either by walking or jogging perform better on memory tasks than those who are more sedentary. (2015-11-24)

Molecular basis of neural memory -- reviewing 'neuro-mimetic' technologies
From the perspective of neuroscientists, the authors review the IBM Brain Chip and the Blue Brain Project, and find them flawed by key oversights. (2018-03-29)

Making memories: Practical quantum computing moves closer to reality
Researchers at the University of Sydney and Dartmouth College have developed a new way to design quantum memory, bringing quantum computers a step closer to reality. (2013-06-19)

Potential Alzheimer's medication shows promise in mouse model of neurodegenerative disease
This month in the JCI, work led by Andrew Tobin at the University of Leicester tested two drugs that specifically target the M1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease and discovered that the treatments had promising effects on symptoms of cognitive decline. (2016-12-19)

Researchers find link between improved memory and the use of neurofeedback
Scientists from the Imperial College London and Charing Cross Hospital believe that it may be possible to improve memory by up to 10 percent through the use of neurofeedback. (2003-01-22)

VR is not suited to visual memory?!
Toyohashi university of technology researcher and a research team at Tokyo Denki University have found that virtual reality (VR) may interfere with visual memory. In recent years, there has been high expectation that VR will be used effectively not only in multimedia and entertainment, but also in educational settings. However, in order to benefit society, IT needs to take human characteristics into consideration. (2020-01-08)

Brain region that can be stimulated to reduce the cognitive deficits of sleep deprivation identified
A Columbia University Medical Center research team has uncovered how stimulation of a particular brain region can help stave off the deficits in working memory, associated with an extended sleep deprivation. (2008-02-01)

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