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Short gaps between pregnancies linked to complications
Women with a very short interval between pregnancies are at an increased risk of complications such as premature birth, neonatal death, and low birth weight, say researchers in this week's BMJ. (2003-08-07)
Birth weight and social class linked to educational achievement
Birth weight and social class at birth have a strong influence on cognitive (mental) function in children, say researchers in this week's BMJ. (2002-08-08)
Birth weight related to mental ability and educational performance
Birth weight is significantly associated with cognitive (mental) ability at age 8 years, through adolescence, and into early adulthood, independent of social background. (2001-01-25)
Study examines birth defects following 9/11 terrorist attacks
A recent study found that birth defects among male infants fell below expected values after the terrorist attacks of Sept. (2017-07-19)
Small babies are more likely to be stressed adults
Small size at birth and slow growth in early childhood are associated with higher levels of psychological distress in adults, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2002-10-03)
Size at birth linked with risk of breast cancer in women under 50
A study in the BMJ this week finds an association between size at birth and risk of pre-menopausal breast cancer. (2003-01-30)
For low-risk pregnancies home births do not increase risk of complications
For women with low-risk pregnancies who plan to give birth at home with the help of a midwife, there is no increased risk of harm to the baby, compared with a planned hospital visit, according to new research in Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2015-12-21)
Twins have similar school performance to single-born children
Twins have similar academic performance to single-born children, finds a large Danish study published online by the BMJ today. (2006-09-28)
Men with diabetes father smaller babies
Children born to fathers with diabetes weigh less than other children, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2003-01-02)
Birth weight may be linked to arthritis in later life
The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is unknown, but researchers in this week's BMJ suggest that some factors relating to the period shortly before and after birth (perinatal factors) may be implicated in the development of the disease in later life. (2003-05-15)
Cervical component protects against infection and preterm birth in mice
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation demonstrates that the cervical component hyaluronan provides protection against infection-induced preterm birth. (2014-11-10)
Preterm births higher among overweight and obese mothers
Overweight and obese women are at greater risk of giving birth to a preterm baby compared with normal weight women, finds a study published on bmj.com today. (2010-07-20)
Popular media influences choice of childbirth
Women's magazines influence whether women decide to have a more natural childbirth or not, with most of the messages biased towards promoting the benefits of medicalized birth. (2015-05-07)
Rural Nepal: Despite evidence that hospital births are safer, poverty keeps women home
Encouraging hospital births are an important component of reducing maternal mortality in low-resource settings. (2016-09-02)
Short intervals between pregnancies result in decreased pregnancy length
Women who have short intervals between pregnancies of less than 18 months are more likely to see a decrease in the length of subsequent pregnancies, finds a new study published June 4 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (2014-06-04)
Women Born With Birth Defects Run Small Risk Their Children Will Have Them
Women with birth defects have a small risk of also having children with birth defects, researchers in Norway and at the U.S. (1999-04-08)
Low birth weight linked to higher incidence of type 2 diabetes in African American women
African American women born at a low or very low birth weight may be at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. (2014-08-21)
IQ linked to birth weight even among children of normal birth weight
Many studies have shown that low birthweight babies have lower IQ test scores at school age, but a study in this week's BMJ finds that the association between birthweight and childhood IQ also applies to children in the normal range of birth weight. (2001-08-09)
Study finds cervicovaginal microbiota differs in women to have preterm birth
In a study to be presented on Feb. 6 at 3:15 p.m. (2014-02-03)
Fewer babies born after Caesarean delivery
Women who have their first child by Caesarean subsequently have fewer children than women who give birth in the normal way. (2008-03-31)
Daily iron during pregnancy linked to improved birth weight
Taking iron daily during pregnancy is associated with a significant increase in birth weight and a reduction in risk of low birth weight, finds a study published on bmj.com today. (2013-06-20)
Fertility treatments increase incidence of twins at a cost
Fertility treatments can increase multiple births and, in doing so, impose long-range costs in schooling and income on the resulting children, according to researchers at the University of Pennsylvania. (2002-07-02)
Teenagers not at higher risk during first birth, but a second may lead to complications
Teenagers giving birth for the first time are not at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. (2001-08-30)
Human reproductive rates follow biological scaling rules
In nations with high per capita energy consumption, women have fewer children. (2003-04-08)
'Bigger the baby, the better' axiom is incorrect
Contrary to popular belief and alerts by the World Health Organization, new research by the George Institute for International Health indicates that the importance of the reported relationship between birth weight and coronary heart disease has been overestimated. (2007-05-17)
Small birthweight and premature births associated with higher risk of child abuse
Small birthweight and premature birth may be associated with a higher risk of child abuse and neglect, suggests research in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. (2006-03-14)
Exposure to phthalates may be a risk factor for low birth weight in infants
Many parents worry about their child's exposure to phthalates, the chemical compounds used as plasticizers in a wide variety of personal care products, children's toys and medical devices. (2009-06-25)
Chlamydia and gonorrhoea infections linked to pregnancy complications
Becoming infected with chlamydia or gonorrhoea in the lead-up to, or during, pregnancy, increases the risk of complications, such as stillbirth or unplanned premature birth, indicates research published online in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. (2013-09-04)
Month of birth may be linked to risk of Crohn's disease
Month of birth may be linked to risk of Crohn's disease later in childhood, concludes a study in this week's BMJ. (2001-10-18)
Birth size is a marker of susceptibility to breast cancer later in life
Associations between birth size, perhaps as a marker of the pre-natal environment, and subsequent breast cancer risk have been identified before, but the findings from epidemiological studies have been inconsistent. (2008-09-30)
Oral contraceptive use not linked to major birth defects
Oral contraceptive use just before or during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of major birth defects, suggest the findings of a study published in The BMJ this week. (2016-01-06)
Prepregnancy, obesity and gestational weight gain influence risk of preterm birth
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine's Slone Epidemiology Center and Boston University School of Public Health have found that prepregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in African-American participants from the Black Women's Health Study. (2010-02-10)
Severe maternal complications less common during home births
Women with low risk pregnancies who choose to give birth at home have a lower risk of severe complications than women who plan a hospital birth, finds a study published on bmj.com today. (2013-06-13)
Do cancer and its treatment affect later pregnancy outcomes?
An International Journal of Cancer study found that female survivors of certain types of cancer have higher risks of poor outcomes in pregnancies conceived after diagnosis than women without cancer. (2017-09-12)
Babies conceived with medical assistance face high risk at birth
Babies born following medically assisted reproduction face a much higher risk of problems at birth and death during delivery, compared with babies conceived naturally, say researchers in this week's BMJ - though the outcome for twins is better. (2004-01-22)
Mother's risk of death from cardiovascular disease doubled for every kilo less her baby weighs at birth
A mother's risk of dying from cardiovascular disease is doubled for every kilo less her baby weighs at birth, shows research in this week's BMJ. (2000-03-23)
The 'no worries' approach fails to identify Australian women with childbirth fear
Having a fear of birth has a negative impact on women's pregnancy and birth. (2013-03-04)
Iron supplements reduce ADHD in low birth weight infants
In a study published today in Pediatrics, scientists at UmeƄ University in Sweden conclude that giving iron supplements to low birth weight infants reduces the risk of behavior problems like ADHD later in life. (2012-12-10)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are associated with increased risk of miscarriage in pregnant women
Taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs during pregnancy does not seem to increase the risk of adverse birth outcome (congenital abnormality, low birth weight, or preterm birth) but is associated with increased risk of miscarriage, according to a study in this week's BMJ. (2001-02-01)
Low birth weight reduces ability to metabolize drugs
Researchers have identified another concern related to low birth weight -- a difference in how the body reacts to drugs, which may last a person's entire life and further complicate treatment of illnesses or diseases that are managed with medications. (2014-02-26)
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