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New interactive machine learning tool makes car designs more aerodynamic
When engineers or designers wanted to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed car or an airplane, the procedure usually took hours or even a day.
Despite social development, gender attitudes chart different course globally
A multinational study by University of California, Davis, sociologists charts three distinct transitions in gender attitudes associated with national characteristics.
Trees and climate change: Faster growth, lighter wood
Trees are growing more rapidly due to climate change. This sounds like good news.
Mixing energy drinks with alcohol could enhance the negative effects of binge drinking
A key ingredient of energy drinks could be exacerbating some of the negative effects of binge drinking according to a new study.
Warmer ocean, warmer winter Eurasian climate
Studies on the contribution of global oceanic warming to winter Eurasian climate change show that there are warmer winters in Europe and the northern part of East Asia.
Zombie gene protects against cancer -- in elephants
LIF6, a dead gene that came back to life, prevents cancer by killing cells with DNA damage.
Effectively expressing empathy to improve ICU care
Study: Physicians express empathy frequently to families in the pediatric intensive care unit, but more than one-third of empathetic statements are buried by medical jargon that reduces their effectiveness.
Cetuximab+RT found to be inferior to standard treatment in HPV+ oropharyngeal cancer
An interim analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial of patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal cancer found that treatment with radiation therapy and cetuximab is associated with worse overall and progression-free survival compared to the current standard treatment with radiation and cisplatin.
Natural refrigerant replacements could reduce energy costs and conserve the environment
The 1987 Montreal Protocol and the 1997 Kyoto Protocol called for countries around the world to phase out substances that deplete the ozone layer, but many HVAC systems still use synthetic refrigerants that violate those international agreements and inflict environmental damage.
Early opaque universe linked to galaxy scarcity
A team of astronomers led by George Becker at the University of California, Riverside, has made a surprising discovery: 12.5 billion years ago, the most opaque place in the universe contained relatively little matter.
NASA gets an infrared view of Tropical Storm Hector
Infrared data from NASA's Aqua satellite provided forecasters with temperature data that showed the storm had two areas of strong convection.
Medically underserved women in the Southeast rarely receive BRCA tests
Medically underserved women in the Southeast diagnosed with breast cancer or ovarian cancer missed out on genetic testing that could have helped them and their relatives make important decisions about their health, according to new research from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center.
Cancer-fighting drugs also help plants fight disease
Cancer-fighting drugs used on humans can help plants fight disease as well.
Johns Hopkins experts create opioid prescribing guidelines for 20 common surgical procedures
A Johns Hopkins expert panel of health care providers and patients have announced what is, to their knowledge, the nation's first set of operation-specific opioid prescribing guidelines.
Babies in prams can be exposed to more than twice as much pollution than adults
Babies in prams can be exposed to up to 60 percent more pollution than their parents, causing potential damage to their frontal lobe and impacting on their cognitive abilities and brain development.
Diving robots find Antarctic winter seas exhale surprising amounts of carbon dioxide
A new study led by the University of Washington uses data gathered by floating drones in the Southern Ocean over past winters to learn how much carbon dioxide is transferred by the surrounding seas.
Can radar replace stethoscopes?
In conjunction with researchers at Brandenburg University of Technology (BTU) in Cottbus and the Department of Palliative Medicine at Universitätsklinikum Erlangen, electronic engineers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed a procedure for reliably detecting and diagnosing heart sounds using radar.
In a massive region of space, astronomers find far fewer galaxies than they expected
A team of University of California astronomers has made a discovery that resolves a mystery and sheds new light on the early universe and its first galaxies.
Snake fungal disease alters skin microbiome in eastern Massasaugas
In the first study of its kind, researchers characterized the skin microbiome of a population of free-ranging snakes to begin to understand how the animals' environmental microbial community may promote disease resistance as well as how it may be disrupted by infection.
Glacier depth affects plankton blooms off Greenland
The unusual timing of highly-productive summer plankton blooms off Greenland indicates a connection between increasing amounts of meltwater and nutrients in these coastal waters.
Bacteria-fighting polymers created with light
Hundreds of polymers -- which could kill drug-resistant superbugs in novel ways -- can be produced and tested using light, using a method developed at the University of Warwick
Byproducts of 'junk DNA' implicated in cancer spread
UC San Diego biologists and their colleagues have revealed that enhancer RNAs play a significant role in cancer dissemination.
Large collection of brain cancer data now easily, freely accessible to global researchers
A valuable cache of brain cancer biomedical data, one of only two such large collections in the country, has been made freely available worldwide by researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.
New study sheds light on the ecology of investors in financial markets
Researchers from the University of Turku, Finland, and the University of Palermo, Italy, studied the similarity of investment decisions in the financial market and how the investment strategies used by the investors influence the volatility of the markets by using an exceptionally large set of empirical data.
Drug repurposing study sheds light on heart disease risk
A team led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital has developed a computational technique to reveal the unknown side effects -- both good and bad -- of hundreds of drugs.
New approach to treating chronic itch
Two receptors in the spinal cord and the right experimental drug: Researchers at the University of Zurich have discovered a new approach that suppresses itch.
Scientists find way to make mineral which can remove CO2 from atmosphere
Scientists have developed an accelerated way to produce magnesite at room temperature, a mineral which can capture the greenhouse gas CO2 from the atmosphere.
Modern security technology in Intel processors not watertight
Technology giant Intel has been including an innovative security method in its processors for a number of years.
National team of researchers identify new genes that may contribute to Alzheimer's disease
Researchers have discovered new genes that will further current understanding of the genetic risk factors that predispose people to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD).
Workplace bias differs for single versus married parents, UA research finds
Single moms aren't penalized at work in the same way married mothers are, new University of Arizona research suggests.
How hot is Schrödinger's coffee?
A new uncertainty relation, linking the precision with which temperature can be measured and quantum mechanics, has been discovered at the University of Exeter.
First reliable estimates of highly radioactive cesium-rich microparticles released by Fukushima disaster
Scientists have for the first time been able to estimate the amount of radioactive cesium-rich microparticles released by the disaster at the Fukushima power plant in 2011.
Eight and nine-year-olds experience poor body image as hormone levels rise
Children as young as eight are vulnerable to poor body image as hormone levels rise with the onset of puberty, a new study has found.
Scientists discovered organic acid in a protoplanetary disk
International team of scientists from Russia (including a research associate of the Kourovka Astronomical Observatory of Ural Federal University Sergei Parfenov), Germany, Italy, USA and France discovered relatively high concentration of formic acid in the protoplanetary disk.
Traumatic brain injury may be associated with increased risk of suicide
An increased risk of suicide was associated with those residents of Denmark who sought medical attention for traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared with the general population without TBI in a study that used data from Danish national registers.
Substances associated with bee ferocity are discovered
Chemical compounds identified by Brazilian researchers may explain why less aggressive bees become ferocious.
Origins and spread of Eurasian fruits traced to the ancient Silk Road
Studies of ancient plant remains from a medieval archaeological site in the Pamir Mountains of Uzbekistan have shown that fruits, such as apples, peaches, apricots, and melons, were cultivated in the foothills of Inner Asia.
Extending palm oil production in Africa threatens primate conservation
Future expansion of the palm oil industry could have a dramatic impact on African primates.
Study: What patients really think about opioid vs non-opioid medications for chronic pain
A new study investigates pre-existing perceptions about pain medications by individuals with chronic pain and how these perceptions relate to patients' experiences with these medications.
Severe declines of mountain hares on Scottish grouse moors
Mountain hare numbers on moorlands in the eastern Highlands have declined to less than one per cent of their initial levels, according to a newly published long-term scientific study.
Deaths from resident-to-resident incidents in dementia offers insights to inform policy
Analyzing the incidents between residents in dementia in long-term care homes may hold the key to reducing future fatalities among this vulnerable population, according to a new research from the University of Minnesota School of Nursing.
Chemicals found in vegetables prevent colon cancer in mice
Chemicals produced by vegetables such as kale, cabbage and broccoli could help to maintain a healthy gut and prevent colon cancer, a new study from the Francis Crick Institute shows.
NIH study shows how MERS Coronavirus evolves to infect different species
New research published in Cell Reports from scientists at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) shows how MERS-CoV can adapt to infect cells of a new species, which suggests that other coronaviruses might be able to do the same.
Researchers artificially generate immune cells integral to creating cancer vaccines
For the first time, Mount Sinai researchers have identified a way to make large numbers of immune cells that can help prevent cancer reoccurrence, according to a study published in August in Cell Reports.
Research identifies potential guidance for gastric cancer treatment
Researchers from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center and Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital (TMUCIH) have discovered that gastric cancer tissue samples bearing mutation of a specific gene, MUC16, too are associated with higher tumor mutation loads.
Stress hormone is key factor in failure of immune system to prevent leukemia
The human stress hormone cortisol has been identified by scientists at the University of Kent as a key factor when the immune system fails to prevent leukemia taking hold.
OU study shows effects of climate warming in tallgrass prairie ecosystem
A University of Oklahoma professor, Jizhong Zhou, and his team have completed a new study on the effects of climate warming on soil microbes in a long-term climate change experiment at a tallgrass prairie ecosystem.
Fishing quotas upended by nuclear DNA analysis
Fishing quotas have been decided using an inadequate method for decades, according to a Scientific Reports study.
Medicaid expansion states see rise in coverage for low income adults with substance use disorders
The percentage of low-income Americans with substance use disorders who were uninsured declined more sharply in states that chose to expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act versus states that did not, according to a new study.
Wage gap between hospital executives and doctors is widening, study finds
Over the past decade, salaries for hospital CEOs have risen much faster than for surgeons, physicians, and nurses, reports a study in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® (CORR®), a publication of The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.
Lipid droplets play crucial roles beyond fat storage
Lipid droplets were long thought of merely as formless blobs of fat.
Researchers assemble 'library of sugars'
Sugar structures called GAGs are present in almost all tissues in the human body, and have important functions in various diseases.
Clinical trial suggests new direction for heavy-smoking head and neck cancer patients
Phase I results of olaparib with cetuximab and radiation led to 72 percent 2-year survival in 16 patients on trial, compared with an expected 2-year survival rate of about 55 percent for standard-of-care treatment.
California water managers vary in use of climate science
Lack of climate change adaptation among water utilities can put water supplies and the people dependent on them at risk, especially in marginalized communities, a new University of California, Davis, paper suggests.
SMURF1 provides targeted approach to preventing cocaine addiction relapse
A class of proteins that has generated significant interest for its potential to treat diseases, has for the first time, been shown to be effective in reducing relapse, or drug-seeking behaviors, in a preclinical study.
Men still upstage women on screen -- but things are getting better
Only three out of every ten characters seen in the top 50 grossing movies of 2016 were played by women.
Ethiopian 7-year trial finds that childhood eye infection increases after antibiotic program ends
Continuous mass distribution of azithromycin in northern Ethiopia, where the childhood eye infection trachoma is a major cause of blindness, is effective in preventing recurrence of trachoma but does not eliminate the infection entirely, according to a new study in PLOS Medicine by Jeremy Keenan and colleagues from the University of California in San Francisco, USA and the Carter Center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Georgia, USA.
Scientists get new tool to track new pathogen killing frogs
An undergraduate researcher has developed a method to screen frogs for an infectious disease that has been linked to mass die-offs of frogs around the world.
The science behind rooting for the home team
Children often observe society dividing its members -- by ethnicity, religion, gender, or even favorite sports team.
Models give synthetic biologists a head start
Rice University researchers have developed mathematical models to predict the performance of multi-input synthetic biological circuits that can be used to engineer bacteria and other organisms to regulate cellular systems or perform functions they wouldn't in nature.
Innovative triple pill significantly lowers blood pressure, study finds
A new low dose three in one pill to treat hypertension could transform the way high blood pressure is treated around the world.
Poor sleep triggers viral loneliness and social rejection
In a study of sleep-deprived versus well-rested individuals, UC Berkeley researchers found that the brains of those lacking sufficient sleep exhibited heightened activity in areas that deal with perceived human threats and a shutdown of areas that encourage social interaction.
Audience members influence value creation in the TV audience market
Recently an article was published in the International Journal of Digital Television, which examined the changing relationship between traditional TV providers and their audiences.
Societies recommend policies to retain, increase ranks of ID physician scientists
Improved compensation, expanded mentorship and training opportunities, and concrete measures to improve workforce diversity are all needed to address attrition from the ranks of physician scientists specializing in infectious diseases, and to ensure that the next generation of that work force is sufficient to bring quests for new life-saving treatments and cures to fruition, according to recommendations released today by IDSA, HIVMA and PIDS.
Magnetic gene in fish may someday help those with epilepsy, Parkinson's
An aquarium fish that senses the Earth's magnetic field as it swims could help unlock how the human brain works and how diseases such as Parkinson's and other neurological disorders function.
Unraveling the nature of 'whistlers' from space in the lab
Scientists at the University of California, Los Angeles present research on a curious cosmic phenomenon known as 'whistlers' -- very low frequency packets of radio waves that race along magnetic field lines.
Security gaps identified in Internet protocol 'IPsec'
In collaboration with colleagues from Opole University in Poland, researchers at Horst Görtz Institute for IT Security (HGI) at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have demonstrated that the Internet protocol 'IPsec' is vulnerable to attacks.
Apathy towards poachers widespread in world's marine protected areas
A new study has found that nearly half of fishers from seven countries had witnessed someone poaching in marine protected areas in the past year and most of them did nothing about it.
Scientists propose a new lead for Alzheimer's research
A University of Adelaide-led team of scientists has suggested a potential link between iron in our cells and the rare gene mutations that cause Alzheimer's disease, which could provide new avenues for future research.
Research shows surprising scale of health benefits for biggest losers
When it comes to shedding pounds, it pays to think big, according to new research by The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite find Tropical Storm Leepi nearing southern Japan
Tropical Storm Leepi continued its northwestern track through the northwestern Pacific Ocean as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead and captured a visible image of the storm.
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite sees Bebinca east of Hainan Island
China's Hainan Island can't seem to get away from slow moving Tropical Storm Bebinca.
Scientists pinpoint brain networks responsible for naming objects
Scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) have identified the brain networks that allow you to think of an object name and then verbalize that thought.
Research brief: UMN researchers use green gold to rapidly detect and identify harmful bacteria
Researchers from the University of Minnesota (UMN) have developed a method to screen and identify harmful or antibiotic-resistant bacteria within one hour using a portable luminometer.
When mixing granular matter, order among disorder
Researchers find mixed and non-mixed regions among tumbled granular particles, providing a new understanding of how sand, concrete, and paint mix.
Tiny helpers that clean cells
New results show which proteins assist the natural recycling process in the body.
Elephants resist cancer by waking a zombie gene
Elephants have evolved a way to make LIF6 (a non-functioning, or dead, gene in mammals) come back to life, and it's what makes the largest living land mammals nearly immune to cancer.
Immune cells in the brain have surprising influence on sexual behavior
Immune cells usually ignored by neuroscientists appear to play an important role in determining whether an animal's sexual behavior will be more typical of a male or female.
'Alarming' diabetes epidemic in guatemala tied to aging, not obesity
The diabetes epidemic in Guatemala is worse than previously thought: more than 25 percent of its indigenous people, who make up 60 percent of the population, suffer from type 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes, suggests a new study published in PLOS ONE from researchers at the Penn Center for Global Health
Why do women get more migraines?
Differing levels of sex hormones, especially estrogens, may explain why many more women than men suffer from migraines.
Flipping the switch on supramolecular electronics
Graphene Flagship Partners successfully combined photoswitchable molecular lattices with layered materials to create new high-performance devices that show macroscopic responses to light.
Inching closer to a soft spot in isoniazid-resistant tuberculosis
Researchers comparing clonal strains of the mycobacteria that cause TB, before and after they developed resistance to a first-line drug, found that a single genetic change may not always have identical effects on bacterial fitness.
Artificial placenta created in the laboratory
TU Wien (Vienna) has now produced an artificial placenta model that very closely resembles the natural organ.
Can combining low doses of 3 high blood pressure medications into one pill improve blood pressure control?
Poorly controlled high blood pressure is a leading global public health problem requiring new treatment strategies.
Light-engineered bacterial shapes could hold key to future labs-on-a-chip
Scientists have used light patterns to control the swimming speed of bacteria and direct them to form different shapes.
Healthy fat cells uncouple obesity from diabetes
Researchers have identified possible ways to uncouple obesity from co-morbidities such as heart disease and insulin resistance.
Doctors may be able to enlist a mysterious enzyme to stop internal bleeding
An enzyme can boost platelet production may work as a future therapeutic.
2018-2022 expected to be abnormally hot years
This summer's worldwide heatwave makes 2018 a particularly hot year.

Best Science Podcasts 2018

We have hand picked the best science podcasts for 2018. Sit back and enjoy new science podcasts updated daily from your favorite science news services and scientists.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

The Right To Speak
Should all speech, even the most offensive, be allowed on college campuses? And is hearing from those we deeply disagree with ... worth it? This hour, TED speakers explore the debate over free speech. Guests include recent college graduate Zachary Wood, political scientist Jeffrey Howard, novelist Elif Shafak, and journalist and author James Kirchick.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#486 Volcanoes
This week we're talking volcanoes. Because there are few things that fascinate us more than the amazing, unstoppable power of an erupting volcano. First, Jessica Johnson takes us through the latest activity from the Kilauea volcano in Hawaii to help us understand what's happening with this headline-grabbing volcano. And Janine Krippner joins us to highlight some of the lesser-known volcanoes that can be found in the USA, the different kinds of eruptions we might one day see at them, and how damaging they have the potential to be. Related links: Kilauea status report at USGS A beginner's guide to Hawaii's otherworldly...