Today's Science News

July 16, 2024

Razor-thin crystalline film 'built atom-by-atom' gets electrons moving 7 times faster than in semiconductors - Scientists observed record-breaking electron mobility — seven times higher than in conventional semiconductors — with a material made from the same elements as quartz and gold.

Only Hubble Could Make this Measurement of a Supernova - Calculating the distance to far-away objects, such as galaxy clusters and quasars, is difficult.

Save 20% on the LEGO Star Wars Millennium Falcon at Amazon - One of the coolest ships in the galaxy has a LEGO set to match - and you can save $34.

Save a whopping $250 on one of the best Garmin watches with this anti-Prime Day deal - The premium Garmin fēnix 7X Sapphire Solar watch is now 28% off at Best Buy.

Get one of our favorite star projectors for less than $20 at Amazon - Nab a fantastic discount on this adorable Galaxy Projector with an Amazon coupon.

Save over $100 on these Vortex Crossfire HD 10x50 binoculars - Get these excellent quality mid-range binoculars — suitable for stargazing — for less.

SpaceX test-fires Super Heavy Starship booster ahead of 5th flight (video) - SpaceX ignited the engines on the Super Heavy first stage booster of its Starship rocket, completing a critical test ahead of the megarocket's next flight.

This awesome Lego Star Wars Millennium Falcon set is $34 off this Prime Day - Feel the force with 20% off this fantastic mid-sized Lego model of Star Wars iconic Millennium Falcon, complete with Chewbacca and friends.

Best budget air purifier: Now 30% cheaper with this Prime Day air purifier deal - Save on the Blue Pure 411i Max, one of the best air purifiers you can buy right now.

Can we predict how fast cognitive decline will occur with early Alzheimer’s? - Study predicts cognitive decline in early Alzheimer’s patients, highlighting variability and drug impact on decline.

Laser-based tech can identify illegal elephant ivory - Most elephant ivory is illegal to sell.

25 years of exoplanet hunting hasn't revealed Earth 2.0 — but is that what we're looking for? - It's been a long ride for exoplanet science — and for Space.com itself.

July's full 'Buck Moon' rises this week — and signals a big lunar transition is on the way - July's full moon — also known as the Buck Moon, the Thunder Moon and the Hay Moon — will be at its fullest on the night of July 21.

Save 35% on Nikon PROSTAFF P3 10x42 binoculars at Amazon - Pick up the beginner-friendly Nikon PROSTAFF P3 10x42 binoculars to get closer to the action for just under $100 in this Prime Day binocular deal.

Better than Prime Day! Save $700 on Unistellar Odyssey at Best Buy - Best Buy are giving Amazon a run for their money with this amazing smart telescope deal — grab the Unistellar Odyssey for $1799.99 ahead of Prime Day.

Join Space.com's 25th Anniversary Virtual Panel on July 17: The Next 25 Years of Space Exploration — To the Moon, Mars and Beyond - Be sure to join visit Space.com at 12 p.m. EDT (1600 GMT) on July 17 for what promises to be an amazing discussion on the future of space exploration and astronomy.

Old solar panels can be recycled into lithium-ion batteries - Chinese researchers have found a way to make silicon from old solar panels into powerful anodes for lithium-ion batteries.

Sniff this: Why food tastes bad in space - A world-first study on common food aromas might explain why food tastes bad in space.

Scientists release new research on planted mangroves’ ability to store carbon - New research shows planted mangroves can store 70% of carbon stock found in intact stands in 20 years.

Earth's plate tectonics fired up hundreds of millions of years earlier than we thought, ancient crystals reveal - New research hints that plate tectonics began earlier than 4 billion years ago — not long after Earth had formed.

The Social Cost of Carbon Credits - At low tide, Hélène Sonko wades through the muddy mangrove forest surrounding the town of Joal-Fadiout, in the Saloum river delta of western Senegal.

Narcissism decreases with age, study finds - As people age, narcissism decreases, but individual differences remain stable over time.

Why Are Amphibians the Most Endangered Class of Animals? - More than 40% of the planet’s toads, frogs, salamanders and caecilians face extinction, but many can still be saved.

Scientists hit truck with laser from space, paving way for high-speed communications - In a proof-of-concept breakthrough, researchers from the University of Western Australia (UWA) have successfully received infrared laser signals from a satellite in low Earth orbit.

Same workout, different weight loss: Signal molecule versions are key - Research uncovers new signal molecules impacting fat burning during exercise, potentially offering obesity treatments.

July 15, 2024

Secret 'sky island' rainforest saved by new discoveries - Dozens of unique animal and insect finds have helped secure protection for an unspoilt mountain forest.

High-Virulence Strains in Chicken: Main Cause of Salmonella - A new study shows virulent Salmonella strains in poultry cause most U.S. illnesses, urging regulation changes.

With Falcon 9 grounded, SpaceX test-fires booster for next Starship flight - SpaceX says a liquid oxygen leak caused the failure of a Falcon 9 launch last week.

NASA Johnson to Dedicate Building to Dorothy Vaughan, Women of Apollo - NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston will recognize legendary human computer Dorothy Vaughan and the women of Apollo with activities marking their

What Happened to Ancient Megafauna? - Recent studies show it wasn’t the climate that did them in.

SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket failure forces NASA to evaluate astronaut launch schedule for ISS - SpaceX is supposed to send a new group of astronauts to the ISS in mid-August.

'What exactly is a planet?' Astronomers want to amend the definition - A newly proposed mass-based definition of a planet reaffirms Pluto as a dwarf planet.

DAILY DOSE: Gas Station Heroin Is a Dangerous Antidepressant Functioning Like Opioid - Tianeptine, an opioid-like drug, faces increasing regulations due to addiction risks.

Experts say Australia’s current bird flu outbreak is ‘unprecedented’ - Australia is experiencing 3 different outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenzas.

Complex impact of large wildfires on ozone layer dynamics - The Montreal Protocol helped heal the ozone layer, but wildfires now pose a new threat.

Telepong - Next Generation Science Standards: Engineering Design (MS-PS4-1, MS-ETS1) Grades 5+ In this activity, students will create an “antenna” or “receiver” out of re-used materials.

A comet predicted to light up the sky in 2024 may already be doomed - While some comet experts think Comet Tsunchinchan-ATLAS (C/2023 A3) will "soon be no longer," others think it's doing just fine.

15 Years Ago: STS-127 Delivers Japanese External Platform to Space Station - On July 15, 2009, space shuttle Endeavour began its 23rd trip into space, on the 2JA mission to the International Space Station, the 29th shuttle flight to the orbiting lab.

Dune-Inspired Stillsuits Could Allow Astronauts to Recycle Their Urine Into Water - If history has taught us one thing, it is that science fiction often gives way to science fact.

Tech Today: NASA’s Moonshot Launched Commercial Fuel Cell Industry - Agency’s technology development prepared fuel cells for tomorrow’s renewable energy grids

NASA, Universities Take Learning Out of Classroom - There’s no “I” in team, and that holds true for NASA and its partners as the agency ramps up efforts to recruit tenured professors to research science for a

‘A Bottomless Pit’: How Out-of-Pocket TMJ Costs Drive Patients Into Debt. - TMJ patients, like Jonna Tallant, endure severe pain and high treatment costs due to insurance coverage gaps.

NASA Transmits Hip-Hop Song to Deep Space for First Time - The stars above and on Earth aligned as an inspirational message and lyrics from the song “The Rain (Supa Dupa Fly)” by hip-hop artist Missy Elliott were

Drone racing is helping train AI to autonomously drive spacecraft - ESA and the Delft University of Technology are training neural-network AI systems to race drones in preparation for complicated spacecraft maneuvers.

“The Meatball’ Turns 65 - NASA’s official logo, nicknamed the “meatball,” turned 65 on July 15, 2024.

Will space-based solar power ever make sense? - Years of talk have now moved to design studies and hardware in space.

'Meatball' milestone: NASA's original logo still soars after 65 years - One of the world's best known and certainly most-traveled logos is 65 years old.

Resembling a Stonehenge of the Sea, These are the Mysteries of Norfolk's Seahenge - Discover why Seahenge, or Holme I, was built and where it is today.

Lunar Lava Tube Cave Confirmed, Unveiling New Horizons in Moon Exploration - A team of international scientists led by the University of Trento discovered a lunar tunnel, crucial for future missions.

Save $30 on this magnificent Lego Ideas Tales of the Space Age lo-fi sci-fi set - Got an eye for the retro-futuristic?

‘Morning’ and ‘evening’ detected on an exoplanet - The James Webb Space Telescope reveals distinct atmospheric differences on WASP-39b, with morning side clouds and evening heat.

New research demonstrates potential for increasing effectiveness of popular diabetes, weight-loss drugs - A network of proteins found in the central nervous system could be harnessed to increase the effectiveness and reduce the side effects of popular diabetes and weight-loss drugs, according to new research.

Solar energy-driven H₂O₂ photosynthesis from water and oxygen using Ba-implanted ordered carbon nitride - H2O2, a green oxidant and clean fuel, is in high demand across chemical industries, environmental treatments, and even aerospace.

Storytelling Strategies Make Communication About Science More Compelling - A story that includes characters and focuses on what people care about can stand up to misinformation.

First man cave on the moon? Cave entrance discovered - Astronomers say they’ve found a possible way to get into caves under the Moon’s surface on the Sea of Tranquillity.

New tool can predict bitterness in foods without prior knowledge of their chemical structures - BitterMasS, a novel tool utilizing mass spectrometry, promises advancements in predicting bitterness in compounds.

Nano-confinement may be key to improving hydrogen production - Researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) have discovered a new mechanism that can boost the efficiency of hydrogen production through water splitting.

Superlubricity study shows a frictionless state can be achieved at macroscale - The president of SUNY Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly), Dr. Winston "Wole" Soboyejo, and postdoctoral researcher Dr. Tabiri Kwayie Asumadu have published a paper titled, "Robust Macroscale Superlubricity on Carbon-Coated Metallic Surfaces."

Cave discovered on Moon could be home for humans - It is the first cave to be discovered on the Moon and could protect astronauts from radiation.

NASA’s Webb Investigates Eternal Sunrises, Sunsets on Distant World - Near-infrared spectral analysis of terminator confirms differences in morning and evening atmosphere Researchers using NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope have finally confirmed what models have previously predicted: An exoplanet has differences between its eternal morning and eternal evening atmosphere.

The Strange, Long-Clawed Therizinosaurus Looks Like an Evolutionary Experiment - Therizinosaurus resembled a mix of a giraffe, sloth, and wolverine.

How the Crimean Congo Virus Sneaks into Cells - A tickborne virus uses cholesterol receptors to worm its way into the cell.

What Do Storm Chasers Really Do? - "Storm-chasing for science can be exciting and stressful."

Lab-Grown Meat Is Getting Closer to Tasting Like Real Beef - Cultured meat that tastes and smells more appetizing could enhance public perception of artificial steaks

NASA's Webb investigates eternal sunrises, sunsets on distant world - Researchers using NASA's James Webb Space Telescope have finally confirmed what models have previously predicted: An exoplanet has differences between its eternal morning and eternal evening atmosphere.

Scorching storms on distant worlds revealed - An international study reveals the extreme atmospheric conditions on the celestial objects, which are swathed in swirling clouds of hot sand amid temperatures of 950C.

New geological datings place the first European hominids in the south of the Iberian Peninsula 1.3 million years ago - One of the most important controversies about human evolution and expansion is when and by what route the first hominids arrived in Europe from the African continent.

‘Sensational’ Proof Delivers New Insights Into Prime Numbers - The proof creates stricter limits on potential exceptions to the famous Riemann hypothesis.

Cosmic wrestling match - Our universe is around 13.8 billion years old.

Genetic cloaking of healthy cells opens door to universal blood cancer therapy - Blood stem cells are being engineered to protect them from lethal therapies.

Sky High Sustainability: NASA Johnson’s Pocket Prairie Flourishes Atop Building 12 - Buzzing with bees, baby birds, and wildflowers, the rooftop garden atop building 12 at Johnson Space Center in Houston reflects NASA’s commitment to environmental stewardship.

Does Evolution Take Millions of Years or Does it Happen in Sudden Bursts? - How long does evolution take?

A Walking Balloon Could One Day Explore Titan – Or Earth’s Sea Floor - Novel ways to move on other celestial bodies always draw the attention of the space exploration community.

Interdisciplinary approach provides new insights into molecular mechanisms of cholera infection - Cholera infections caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria can be life-threatening and the trigger is the cholera toxin produced by the bacteria.

Methane’s Climate Crisis Needs More than Satellites to Stop Emissions - New regulations, and satellites like MethaneSat, very likely will not cut methane emissions.

Where are the flying cars? - Flying cars are a common sci-fi trope, and engineers have the technology to make them.

Scientists Say: Superconductor - At cold enough temperatures, these materials can conduct electricity with no resistance.

Producing hydrogen and fertilizer at the same time - A research team from the University Alliance Ruhr, Germany, has found a catalyst that can be used to convert ammonia into the energy carrier hydrogen and the fertilizer precursor nitrite.

Astronauts Can Drink More Recycled Pee Than Ever, and You Can Still Catch the Plague - It’s been 55 years since the Apollo 11 mission, innovative ​​“stillsuits” designed to recycle astronaut pee could enhance spacewalks, and a surprising case of the plague has occurred in Colorado.

New method for simultaneous high-resolution measurement of chiral molecules - Researchers have developed a new method for precisely analyzing molecules' chirality.

Caught in the actinium: New research could help design better cancer treatments - The element actinium was first discovered at the turn of the 20th century, but even now, nearly 125 years later, researchers still don't have a good grasp on the metal's chemistry.

Rare element actinium gets a candid portrait under X-rays - The super-rare radioactive heavy metal actinium is a promising treatment for some cancers.

Watch as a robot claws up objects with a case of the vapours - Saudi Arabian researchers have made a tiny “soft robot” that can perform complex tasks such as picking up a cotton ball – when triggered with the right vapours.

Crafting Mindscapes of the Brain - Functional human neural tissues assembled using 3D printing technology may provide insights into neural wiring.

A Blueprint for the Ladder of Reproduction - A trio of proteins are key building blocks for genetic exchange.

Optimizing Reference Controls for Multicolor Flow Cytometry - Best practices for preventing compensation or unmixing errors.

The Immeasurable Impact of a Scientist - A scientist's true legacy lies in the countless researchers they inspire rather than their citation metrics.

Advancing qPCR Through Innovation - Researchers obtain consistent and precise qPCR data from instruments with enhanced thermal uniformity and updated optical detection systems.

What’s the Difference Between Flow Cytometry and FACS? - Flow-based methods allow researchers to collect multiparameter data from individual cells in their samples, but the fate of samples depends on the instrument.

Science Crossword Puzzle - Put on your thinking cap, and take on this fun challenge.

How do Mussels Stick to Slippery Surfaces? - Biochemist Matthew Harrington investigates how bivalves produce underwater superglue.

Saving Dixie: 24 Hours Caring for a Wallaby Joey - Writer Justine Hausheer spends 24 hours caring for an orphaned wallaby.

Zero-infection HIV drug ‘must be affordable’ - HIV activists urge developers of new prevention drug to make it affordable for low-income countries.

July 14, 2024

Webb Completes Its Second Year of Operations - What happens when a spiral and an elliptical galaxy collide?

Small island nations need urgent help to plan for climate change say experts - An international team of climate change experts says global models which are used to help nations prepare for the impact of climate change are overlooking small island nations.

You may have missed: exercise switches on the brain for years; ancient Peru; burrowing dino; and tastier lab-grown meat - You might have missed: HIIT exercise boosts brains for years; ancient temple and theatre discovered in Peru; dog-sized dinosaur lived underground; and more!

Can Humanity Address Climate Change Without Believing It? History Says Maybe - "But people’s beliefs and interests need not align if everyone finds some benefit in the recommendations."

How Was the S’More Created? - The gooey, chocolatey s’more couldn’t have been popularized without the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution, which brought cheap sweets to the masses

World first: free, over-the-counter drug prevents opioid deaths - There’s a medicine that can prevent opioid overdose deaths — and in a world first, it’s available free in pharmacies across Australia.

Animals use physics? Let us count the ways - Cats twist and snakes slide, exploiting and negotiating physical laws.

Weighing a neutron star to see what happens when matter is squashed to the brink of collapse - Neutron stars are some of the most extreme objects in the universe.

July 13, 2024

Galaxies Regulate their Own Growth so they Don’t Run Out of Star Forming Gas - Look at most spiral or barred spiral galaxies and you will see multiple regions where stars are forming.

Earliest evidence of plant farming in East Africa - Ancient plant remains found in Kenya help explain the history of plant farming in East Africa.

How a cold-loving fungus causes deadly disease in North American bats - Researchers might have a solution to white-nose syndrome, a disease which has killed millions of North American bats since it was first reported in 2007.

Facing Heat Waves, Cities Ask Scientists to Help Them Protect People - Miami and New York City officials say they need more insight into how searing temperatures affect homeless people and other vulnerable populations

Astronomers call for new planet definition, but it’s not about Pluto - Astronomers want to broaden the definition of a “planet”.

In the South, sea level rise accelerates at some of the most extreme rates on Earth - The surge is startling scientists, amplifying impacts such as hurricane storm surges.

Mapping the Stars in a Dwarf Galaxy to Reveal its Dark Matter - Dark matter is curious stuff!

Scientists demonstrate chemical reservoir computation using the formose reaction - Researchers from the Institute for Molecules and Materials at Radboud University, Netherlands, have demonstrated that a complex self-organizing chemical reaction network can perform various computational tasks, such as nonlinear classification and complex dynamics prediction.

A Close Pulsar Measures 11.4 km Across - When massive stars detonate as supernovae, they leave often behind a pulsar.

AI power needs driving a surge in tech giant carbon emissions. Nobody knows what to do - Since the release of ChatGPT in November 2022, the world has seen an incredible surge in investment, development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) applications.

NASA Cloud-Based Platform Could Help Streamline, Improve Air Traffic - To assist air traffic managers in keeping airplanes moving efficiently through the skies, data NASA has developed a resource called the Digital Information Platform.

Earth Just Can't Seem to Beat the Heat, Even as La Niña Nears - With record breaking global temperatures persisting, a new annual global heating record is likely — despite a looming La Niña.

Solar Flares and Solar Magnetic Reconnection Get New Spotlight in Two Blazing Studies - Two recent studies published in The Astrophysical Journal discuss findings regarding solar flare properties and a new classification index and the Sun’s magnetic field, specifically what’s called solar magnetic reconnection.

NATO allies pledge $1 billion to promote sharing of space-based intel - Agreement marks the largest investment in space-based capabilities in NATO’s history.

July 12, 2024

‘Fly Me to the Moon’ Points to the Past and Future of Moonshot Marketing - In a new movie titled “Fly Me to the Moon,” a marketing consultant played by Scarlett Johansson uses Tang breakfast drink, Crest toothpaste and Omega watches to give a publicity boost to NASA’s Apollo moon program.

Tanning With the Stars - Since we can’t travel to the stars, this philosophical trickster brings them to us.

Spotting catastrophic racehorse injuries before they happen - US researchers have developed a tiny sensor capable of spotting when a racehorse is likely to develop an injury by monitoring 2,400 different data points every second.

SpaceX’s Rocket Failure Could Cause Delays for Lots of Launches - After going eight years and more than 300 launches without a failure, SpaceX had a Falcon 9 rocket launch go awry, resulting in the expected loss of 20 Starlink satellites.

NASA’s flagship mission to Europa has a problem: Vulnerability to radiation - "What keeps me awake right now is the uncertainty."

New Technology Could Replace Space Suit Diapers for Astronauts - Astronauts could have a healthier and more sustainable way of going to the bathroom in space.

Much of Neanderthal genetic diversity came from modern humans - Neanderthals' low diversity means their population was even smaller than we thought.

Navigating Mental Health Treatment Options, Here's Why It’s Worth The Effort - Many Americans are not getting the mental health care they need.

Sex and Gender Map onto Different Brain Networks in Children - A preliminary study suggests that sex and gender are represented differently in the brain

Why Animals Living on Islands Are at Greater Risk of Extinction - Warm-blooded island species tend to evolve a slower metabolic rate compared with their mainland counterparts, making it harder for them to bounce back when under stress

The Ocean Is Getting Sicker - Pathogens are surging and new diseases are emerging.

With Bird Flu Spreading in Cows, Is It Time for U.S. Farmworkers to Get Vaccinated? - Finland has decided to vaccinate farmworkers against bird flu—and experts say the U.S. should do the same

Meet Nature's Impersonator, the Hummingbird Moth: The Insect That Mimics a Bird - The hummingbird moth captivates us with its mimicry and unique look.

Former Hurricane Beryl Floods Vermont in a Repeat of Last Year - A damaging downpour struck Vermont on the anniversary of last year’s flooding disaster, filling streets with mud and basements with water

Dune-inspired ‘stillsuit’ upgrade for astronaut spacesuits - Astronauts on spacewalks have to urinate into their suits.

500 million-year-old fossil is the earliest branch of the spider’s lineage - A local fossil collector in Morocco found the specimen decades ago.

Research team develops light-activated compounds to treat neuropathic pain - Light can be used to activate drugs in specific parts of the body through photopharmacology.

Vitamin D Acts via the Microbiome to Boost Cancer Immunity - An essential nutrient and the gut flora, thought to have separate but important roles in the immune response, join forces.

Where Does Beach Sand Come From? - Beaches were once mountains.

What Could Explain the Gallium Anomaly? - Physicists have ruled out a mundane explanation for the strange findings of an old Soviet experiment, leaving open the possibility that the results point to a new fundamental particle.

Exploring the Tumor Microenvironment with Spatial Biology - In this webinar, Pinaki Bose and Fei Chen will discuss how scientists use spatial biology techniques to study the tumor microenvironment.

Tracking Ozempic’s Nausea Side Effect to Specific Neurons May Lead to Better Drugs - The neurons that produce a sick feeling and food aversion are distinct from those that induce a feeling of fullness

Scientists create computer program that 'paints' the structure of molecules in the style of famous Dutch artist - Scientists from Trinity College Dublin have created a computer program that "paints" the structure of molecules in the style of famous Dutch artist, Piet Mondrian, whose beautiful artworks will be instantly recognizable to many.

Insight into one of life's earliest ancestors revealed in new study - Researchers have shed light on Earth's earliest ecosystem, showing that within a few hundred million years of planetary formation, life on Earth was already flourishing.

How the 'heart and lungs' of a galaxy extend its life - Galaxies avoid an early death because they have a 'heart and lungs' which effectively regulate their 'breathing' and prevent them growing out of control, a new study suggests.

Ancient Mars may have been too cold to support life - New research into soil samples from Mars suggests its ancient climate was not all that much more hospitable for life than one of Earth’s most desolate areas: Canada.

Olfat Berro: advancing healthcare for all in Middle East - Olfat Berro, Middle East head at biotech firm Roche, says community health is at the heart of her mission.

Has Life on Earth Survived More Than Five Mass Extinctions? - Scientists aren’t just arguing whether humans are causing a sixth mass extinction event now, but whether many more occurred in the past

Young Adulthood Is No Longer One of Life’s Happiest Times - The U-shaped curve that pegged youth and old age as the happiest times of life has changed

Peer review is essential for science. Unfortunately, it’s broken. - There's no incentive to fix the system, which was never designed to catch fraud anyway.

Rocket Report: Chinese firm suffers another failure; Ariane 6 soars in debut - "This powers Europe back into space.”

How to Reconnect with Old Friends Who Have Become Strangers - People are reluctant to reach out to friends they have lost touch with—but both sides are gratified when they reconnect

How to make an old antibiotic 100 times more potent - Nathaniel Martin, Professor of biological chemistry, wondered what would happen if you took an antibiotic that has been known for 70 years and tried to improve it with the latest tools of modern chemistry.

How Did Jupiter Get Its Great Red Spot? - New research suggests the Great Red Spot we see on Jupiter today is an entirely different giant storm from the one astronomers observed more than three centuries ago

How Antarctic Scientists Think about the Future of Our Planet - Researchers on a multimonth Antarctic expedition describe how the climate crisis intertwines with their work.