Today's Science News

July 19, 2024

Virgin Galactic completes new Delta space plane manufacturing facility in Arizona - Virgin Galactic has completed its new multi-use manufacturing facility in Arizona, where it plans to begin assembly on its new Delta space plane fleet in 2025.

July 18, 2024

Dear New York City Mayor Eric Adams, The Rats Always Win. - The mayor of New York City, Eric Adams, wages a war on rats, trying various methods to control them.

Scientists say they can now forecast El Niño Southern Oscillation years in advance - Scientists used thousands of years of climate data to show that El Niño Southern Oscillations can be predicted more than two years in advance.

Long COVID rates have declined, especially among the vaccinated, study finds - In large study, rates of long COVID fell from 10% to 3.5% for the vaccinated.

ESA is Building a Mission to Visit Asteroid Apophis, Joining it for its 2029 Earth Flyby - According to the ESA’s Near-Earth Objects Coordination Center (NEOCC), 35,264 known asteroids regularly cross the orbit of Earth and the other inner planets.

New 'Terminator Zero' trailer delivers a heroic dose of Skynet scares (video) - A new trailer for Netflix's new "Terminator Zero" anime series arriving Aug. 29.

1,800-year-old ring depicting Roman goddess discovered by ancient quarry in Israel - A 13-year-old boy hiking in Haifa discovered a Roman-era ring with a depiction of Minerva, the goddess of war and wisdom.

From One Crew to Another: Artemis II Astronauts Meet NASA Barge Crew - Members of the Artemis II crew met with the crew of NASA’s Pegasus barge prior to their departure to deliver the core stage of NASA’s SLS (Space Launch System) rocket to the Space Coast.

Sols 4248-4249: Lunch at Fairview Dome - Earth planning date: Wednesday, July 17, 2024 We started our day at an outcrop called “Fairview Dome,” a light-colored rock so big that it can easily be seen from orbit!

'There's something in the water!' Shocking final 'Alien: Romulus' trailer goes for the gore (video) - 20th Century Studios drops the final release trailer for "Alien: Romulus"

NASA's Perseverance Mars rover stumbles upon a dusty little snowman (photo) - If Frozen's Olaf was looking into its family history on other planets, could this perhaps be a dusty relative spotted in a photo taken by NAS'’s Perseverance Mars Rover?

Two Skeletons Leave Behind Clues to Pompeii's Demise - Skeletal, geological clues indicate that a sequence of volcanic eruption, earthquake, and lava flow wiped out the ancient city in A.D. 79.

Is Hydroxychloroquine The Cure To Alzheimer’s? - Alzhiemer’s, the most common form of dementia, is increasingly prevalent.

Researcher’s warning about sea-level rise on Australia’s south east coast - Sea-level rise due to climate change has already begun to effect low-lying communities and ecosystems around the world.

The Most Dangerous Part of a Space Mission is Fire - Astronauts face multiple risks during space flight, such as microgravity and radiation exposure.

NASA Continues Its 15 Year Mission Of Failing At Big Science - In 2009, one of the first orders of business for self-proclaimed Scientist-In-Chief President Obama was to cancel NASA's Constellation project.

Rare 'stiff person syndrome' treated with reconfigured cancer therapy - A case study shows how a therapy typically used for cancer could be adapted to treat a disorder that Céline Dion recently disclosed she has.

Rock carvings of ancient Egyptian pharaohs found underwater near Aswan - Archaeologists discovered rock carvings featuring several pharaohs during an underwater expedition near Aswan, Egypt.

NASA Space ROS Sim Summer Sprint Challenge - Space ROS is an open-source software framework, derived from ROS 2, which was created to be compatible with the demands of safety-critical space robotics applications.

NASA Sounding Rocket Launches, Studies Heating of Sun’s Active Regions - Investigators at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center will use observations from a recently-launched MaGIXS-2 sounding rocket mission to provide a clearer image of how and why the Sun’s corona grows so much hotter than the visible surface of Earth’s parent star.

Gaia spacecraft almost doomed by back-to-back meteor strike and solar storm — but ESA says they've found a solution - The European Space Agency's Gaia spacecraft is back to routine operations studying the Milky Way after a meteor strike punctured its protective shield, allowing charged solar particles to stream through.

NASA wants fresh ideas for recycling garbage on the moon - With crewed Artemis launches on the horizon, NASA is searching for sustainable solutions for waste management during long-term missions on the moon.

The Lion Who Would Save the World - An anthropologist shows how bonding with another species could help humans come together.

Loneliness is a dish best served in space: Why food may taste weird to astronauts - Studying common food aromas may help scientists better understand why meals reportedly taste bland in space, leading to astronauts’ decreased nutritional intake.

NASA built a Moon rover but can’t afford to get it to the launch pad - "It would have been revolutionary.

New Evidence Adds to Findings Hinting at Network of Caves on Moon - An international team of scientists using data from NASA’s LRO (Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter) has discovered evidence of caves beneath the Moon’s surface.

The Earth Observer Editor’s Corner: Summer 2024 - NASA’s third EOS mission—AURA—marked 20 years in orbit on July 15, with two of its four instruments—MLS and OMI—still collecting quality datasets.

SpaceX launches to ISS are under independent NASA review after rare Falcon 9 rocket failure - SpaceX is trying to get its Falcon 9 re-approved for satellite launches with the Federal Aviation Administration.

Stroke Survivors May Be Saddled With An Invisible Disability Known As Spatial Neglect - Spatial neglect causes problems when walking, dressing, reading, driving and doing other normal daily activities.

Stars Can Survive Their Partner Detonating as a Supernova - When a massive star dies in a supernova explosion, it’s not great news for any planets or stars that happen to be nearby.

How worried should we be about PFAS, the 'forever chemicals'? - Recent studies suggest PFAS can pass through human skin and through the placenta.

The Earth Observer’s 35th Anniversary - Welcome to a new era for The Earth Observer newsletter!

Artemis II Core Stage on the Move - On July 16, 2024, the first core stage of NASA’s SLS (Space Launch System) rocket for the agency’s Artemis II mission began a journey from NASA’s Michoud Assembly Facility in New Orleans.

New AI approach accelerates targeted materials discovery and sets the stage for self-driving experiments - Scientists have developed an AI-based method that helps gather data more efficiently in the search for new materials, allowing researchers to navigate complex design challenges with greater precision and speed.

Registration Opens for the 2024 NASA International Space Apps Challenge - NASA invites innovators, technologists, storytellers, and problem solvers to register for the 2024 NASA Space Apps Challenge, the largest annual global hackathon.

Snazzy spacesuit! Artemis 2 moon mission backup astronaut Andre Douglas tries on his lunar duds (photos) - NASA astronaut Andre Douglas tried on his Artemis 2 spacesuit to get ready to backup the 2025 mission.

Blasting Virtual Aliens Could Help Dyslexic Kids Parse Words - Children at risk of dyslexia who played Space Invaders Extreme 2 showed improvement at a word-identification task

NASA Ames Welcomes New Zealand Prime Minister, Celebrates Partnership - As one of eight nations that helped to develop the Artemis Accords, New Zealand is a valuable NASA partner.

The Big Picture: Wooly mammoth foot preserved in permafrost. - A groundbreaking study has mapped the genome and 3D chromosomal structures of a 52,000-year-old woolly mammoth, marking the first such achievement for any ancient DNA sample.

How astronomers work out the size of our solar system - The moon’s south pole is designated as the location for the future China-led International Lunar Research Station (ILRS).

The Psychological Effects of the Trump Assassination Attempt - Political violence has a different effect on people today than it did in the past because of social media and extreme partisanship

UK coal mine fights for future in court - The coal mine promises to be net zero but a recent major ruling has cast doubt on its future.

DAILY DOSE: Key Molecule Identified, May Alleviate Long COVID Symptoms; FDA-Approved Non-Animal Models Face Slow Adoption. - Study links IFN-Γ to worsened long COVID symptoms, vaccination halves long COVID risk, and more.

Earthquakes made Vesuvius’ eruption at Pompeii even more deadly - The excavation of 2 skeletons with severe fracture and trauma injuries has provided new insights into the destruction of Pompeii.

U.S. Gulf States Risk ‘Knock-Out Blow’ from Successive Disasters - Repeated extreme weather events in states along the Gulf of Mexico such as Louisiana, Alabama, Texas, Mississippi and Florida can erode a community’s ability to take care of itself

A Hidden Graveyard of 18th Century Ships Makes Hawaii's Shipwreck Beach - Sunken steamers at Shipwreck Beach, a maritime graveyard on the Hawaiian island of Lāna`i, reveal the truth about ship groundings in Kaiolohia Bay.

Deadly snake delivers enough venom to kill 400 humans in record-breaking 'milking' - A coastal taipan named Cyclone recently delivered three times the average amount of venom for its species in one go, setting a new record.

Searching for the Rare Variants in a Genetic Haystack - Carola Vinuesa’s research has illuminated the genetics of lupus and helped to exonerate a mother falsely accused of murdering her four children. 

Flying In Helicopters Is Safer Than You Might Think - Helicopters are versatile aircraft.

Discovery of a tRNA modification enzyme that also acts on nucleosides - The genetic information on DNA is transcribed into messenger RNA (mRNA) and translated to the amino acid sequence by transfer RNA (tRNA) on the ribosome.

Will AI Ever Have Common Sense? - Common sense has been viewed as one of the hardest challenges in AI.

Another intermediate-mass black hole discovered at the center of our galaxy - So far, only about ten intermediate-mass black holes have been discovered in the entire universe.

First hominids in Europe 1.3 million years ago - A new geological dating technique might just have settled one of the longest running debates on human evolution and expansion – when and where did the first hominids arrive in Europe?

Why Have So Many Whale Remains Been Found on the Ocean Floor Near Los Angeles? - Scientists have discovered more whale falls there than in the rest of the world combined

Swarming Satellites Could Autonomous Characterize an Asteroid - An asteroid’s size, shape, and rotational speed are clues to its internal properties and potential resources for mining operations.

'ChatGPT moment for biology': Ex-Meta scientists develop AI model that creates proteins 'not found in nature' - The ESM3 model can 'write' new proteins from scratch, opening up new possibilities for synthetic biology.

De-risking drug discovery with predictive AI - Developing a new drug can take years of research and cost millions of dollars.

Astronauts Would Need an Unusual Pot to Boil Food in Space - Astronauts still survive on freeze-dried meals.

Scientists replicate enzyme that captures carbon - Scientists from King's College London have recreated the active site of Acetyl-CoA Synthase, an enzyme involved in capturing carbon from the atmosphere.

Wild medicine! An orangutan treated his wound with a local plant - This great ape, living in Indonesia, doctored the gash on his face with a plant that people living in the area use as a natural medicine.

9 miles of solid diamonds may lurk beneath Mercury's surface, new study finds - New simulations suggest that a 9-mile-thick layer of diamonds may lurk deep below the surface of Mercury.

Scientists develop novel iontronic skin with excellent self-healing efficiency and sensitivity - Researchers led by Prof. Zhu Jin at the Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering (NIMTE) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have developed a novel mechano-responsive elastomer, i-DAPU, achieving high-performance iontronic skin that integrates self-healing and synchronous sensing.

Bridging the 'valley of death' in carbon capture - Mitigating the effects of climate change has become a major focus worldwide, with countries and international organizations developing various strategies to address the problem.

New microcontinent being born between Canada and Greenland - An incompletely rifted and submerged microcontinent has been recognised tens of millions of years after the tectonic shifts which birthed it began.

Birthing the Blob - In 2013, a huge marine heatwave known as the Blob hit the northeast Pacific Ocean.

Study reveals how an anesthesia drug induces unconsciousness - MIT neuroscientists discovered that propofol induces unconsciousness by disrupting the brain’s stability and excitability balance.

Scientists made teenage girls sing karaoke to study the science of blushing - In an unusual study to test human embarrassment, scientists have asked teenage girls to sing karaoke songs and then watch the recording back.

Officially, Only the Sun Can Have Planets. Is it Time to Fix the Definition of “Planet”? - What is the true definition of a planet, and could there be a more refined definition in the future?

When certain boys feel their masculinity is threatened, aggression ensues - Adolescent boys may respond aggressively to masculinity threats, especially under societal pressure and parental influence.

One more way to die: Tremors when Vesuvius erupted collapsed shelter walls - Two male skeletons showed signs of severe fracture and trauma injuries.

Cancers with an Exceptional Cause - Epigenetic control of gene expression can switch on genes that push cell division into overdrive independently of genetic faults.

Make electricity cheaper to boost heat pumps - climate advisers - Cutting electricity bills would persuade more people to install heat pumps, the government is told.

Dinosaur skeleton fetches record $44.6m at auction - The near complete skeleton of a stegosaurus - named Apex - is 11ft (3.4m) tall and 27ft long, Sotheby's says.

July 17, 2024

Tell-tale gene affects success of drug used to treat chronic pain - Women with a specific gene variation respond well to gabapentin, offering tailored treatment for chronic pelvic pain.

Neutron Star is Spraying Jets Like a Garden Sprinkler - X-ray binaries are some of the oddest ducks in the cosmic zoo and they attract attention across thousands of light-years.

NASA Stops Work on VIPER Moon Rover, Citing Cost and Schedule Issues - NASA says it intends to discontinue development of its VIPER moon rover, due to cost increases and schedule delays — but the agency is also pointing to other opportunities for robotic exploration of the lunar south polar region.

The Odds That Aliens Exist Just Got Worse - How geology resolves the Fermi paradox.

Astronomers want to change how we define a planet — again - Astronomers are proposing a new, more quantitative definition of what makes a planet.

Experimental Radar Technique Reveals the Composition of Titan’s Seas - The Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn generated so much data that giving it a definitive value is impossible.

Analysis shows Australia playing an outsized role in destroying global forest carbon sinks - Deforestation in Australia is dragging down the global carbon budget of forests, according to a new analysis.

NASA’s Webb investigates eternal sunrises, sunsets on distant world - Researchers using NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope found temperature and cloud differences between the morning and evening on exoplanet WASP-39 b.

Researchers track individual neurons as they respond to words - When processing language, individual neurons respond to words with similar meanings.

Famous Taung Child fossil from South Africa is 2.58 million years old, new study finds - A new study examines fossil teeth of the Taung Child to hone in on its age.

Puerto Rico Files $1-Billion Climate Lawsuit against Oil Companies - Puerto Rico is suing fossil fuel companies over climate damages, saying that the industry knew about the dangers of its products and that the island is paying the price

Could Citizens of This Indiana Town Have Seen a 500-Pound Turtle? - Two men said they saw such an animal, dubbed the Beast of Busco, in 1948

Researchers build ultralight drone that flies with onboard solar - Bizarre design uses a solar-powered motor that's optimized for weight.

Ray Kurzweil Still Lives in Utopia - The futurist doubles down on the Singularity in his latest book.

Cancer is the biggest health concern among the public, poll reveals - Public concern over cancer diagnosis surpasses other medical conditions.

Electric eels inspire novel “jelly” batteries for soft robotics, wearables - Another team built a lithium-ion battery with electrolyte layer that expands by 5,000%.

Giant Armadillo Butchers Push Back Human Arrival Time in South America - Human interaction with megafauna at the end of the Pleistocene Epoch may have contributed to some mammalian extinctions.

Australian research discovers how common blood thinner can be used as cobra venom treatment - The anticoagulant heparin could be repurposed as a cheap and effective drug to treat cobra bites across Asia and Africa.

After Falcon 9 Rocket Anomaly, SpaceX Seeks Rapid Return to Flight - SpaceX has filed a request with the Federal Aviation Administration to determine whether the company can resume launches of its recently grounded workhorse rocket

Five people infected as bird flu appears to go from cows to chickens to humans - High temperatures made it hard for workers to use protective gear during culling.

Do Animals Use Physics? Let Us Count The Ways - Cats twist and snakes slide, exploiting and negotiating physical laws.

The Fermi Paradox May Have a Very Simple Explanation - We can and should look harder for evidence of alien visitors to our solar system

Caught in the actinium - Actinium's chemistry remains a mystery, hindering cancer treatment progress, but new research sheds light on its behavior.

Microbes found to destroy certain 'forever chemicals' - An environmental engineering team has discovered that specific bacterial species can cleave the strong fluorine-to-carbon bond certain kinds of 'forever chemical' water pollutants, offering promise for low-cost treatments of contaminated drinking water.

Evidence for butchery of giant armadillo-like mammals in Argentina 21,000 years ago - Cut marks on fossils could be evidence of humans exploiting large mammals in Argentina more than 20,000 years ago, according to a new study.

Ant insights lead to robot navigation breakthrough - Have you ever wondered how insects are able to go so far beyond their home and still find their way?

Soft, stretchy 'jelly batteries' inspired by electric eels - Researchers have developed soft, stretchable 'jelly batteries' that could be used for wearable devices or soft robotics, or even implanted in the brain to deliver drugs or treat conditions such as epilepsy.

Elon Musk says SpaceX and X will relocate their headquarters to Texas - The billionaire blamed a California gender identity law for moving SpaceX and X headquarters.

Highly eccentric exoplanet helps solve hot Jupiter mystery - An international team of astronomers has found a huge exoplanet with a “super-eccentric” orbit, more elliptical than any previously discovered.

ChatGPT Isn’t ‘Hallucinating’—It’s Bullshitting! - It’s important that we use accurate terminology when discussing how AI chatbots make up information

Researchers Use Groovy Science to Understand Gut Feelings - A new microfluidics cell culture model recapitulates the basic biology of gut touch.

Here’s What It Would Take To Make Mars A Liveable Landscape - How possible is life on the red planet?

Meet the Tornado Chasers and Scientists Hunting Real 'Twisters' - Chasers will always be a vital part of tornado detection efforts, but now drones, artificial intelligence and supercomputers are all helping meteorologists figure out just how these terrible storms come together.

Tight-Knit Microbes Live Together to Make a Vital Nutrient - At sea, biologists discovered microbial partners that together produce nitrogen, a nutrient essential for life.

How a futuristic material is able to change its properties from soft to rigid, and back again - In our everyday life, we are surrounded by objects that have properties enabling them to perform certain functions.

In Case Bird Flu Becomes a Pandemic, Countries Are Preparing - Virologists say that the bird flu strain that is infecting cattle in the U.S. is unlikely to cause a pandemic in humans, but countries are gathering vaccines and stepping up surveillance just in case

Organic compounds show promise as cheaper alternatives to metal photocatalysts - Organic compounds that can be sustainably and affordably mass-produced show promise as replacements for expensive metal photocatalysts, according to a new report published July 17.

Research tracks 66 million years of mammalian diversity - New research has examined the fossil record going back 66 million years and tracked changes to mammalian ecosystems and species diversity on the North American continent.

Want to spot a deepfake? Look for the stars in their eyes - In an era when the creation of artificial intelligence (AI) images is at the fingertips of the masses, the ability to detect fake pictures -- particularly deepfakes of people -- is becoming increasingly important.

Paleolithic diets are not without risks - High-protein diets, known as 'Paleolithic diets', are popular.

Scientists define new type of memory loss in older adults - Researchers have established new criteria for a memory-loss syndrome in older adults that specifically impacts the brain's limbic system.

Cuttlefish can form false memories, too - During an event, details like what you saw, smelled, and felt aren't stored as a single memory.

Astronomers spot a 'highly eccentric' planet on its way to becoming a hot Jupiter - The newly discovered planet TIC 241249530 b has the most highly elliptical, or eccentric, orbit of any known planet.

Psilocybin generates psychedelic experience by disrupting brain network - Researchers report that psilocybin, the active ingredient in magic mushrooms, destabilizes a critical network of brain areas involved in introspective thinking.

Forests endure as carbon sink despite regional pressures - Despite facing regional threats like deforestation and wildfires, the world's forests continue to be a powerful weapon in the fight against climate change.

Paving the way to extremely fast, compact computer memory - Researchers have demonstrated that the layered multiferroic material nickel iodide (NiI2) may be the best candidate yet for devices such as magnetic computer memory that are extremely fast and compact.

Switching off inflammatory protein leads to longer, healthier lifespans in mice - Scientists have discovered that 'switching off' a protein called IL-11 can significantly increase the healthy lifespan of mice by almost 25 percent.

New gene therapy for muscular dystrophy offers hope - A new gene therapy treatment for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) shows promise of not only arresting the decline of the muscles of those affected by this inherited genetic disease, but perhaps, in the future, repairing those muscles.

Llama nanobodies: A breakthrough in building HIV immunity - Biology researchers have developed a new antibody therapy that can neutralize a wide variety of HIV-1 strains.

Scientists develop fridge-free storage approach for vital medicines - Scientists have developed a new approach to store and distribute crucial protein therapeutics without the need for fridges or freezers.

How Twisters Brought the Science of Storm Chasing to the Big Screen - Sean Waugh, a professional storm chaser and meteorologist, talks about his role in advising Hollywood on tornado science and the awe-inspiring experience of chasing twisters

Webb Measures the Weather on a Tidally Locked Exoplanet - Exploring exoplanet atmospheres in more detail was one task that planetary scientists anticipated during the long wait while the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) was in development.

These Animals are Physics Whizzes - How falling cats, slithering snakes, burrowing prairie dogs and more exploit the laws of physics

Active volcanoes may be common on Venus - Researchers took a new look at decades-old images from NASA’s Magellan spacecraft.

Chemists develop modular approach for creating important class of pharmaceutical compounds - Chemists at the National University of Singapore (NUS) have developed a modular approach to create 1,2-arylheteroaryl ethanes, a class of compounds important for drug discovery and pharmaceutical development, using fundamental feedstock chemicals such as ethylene, arenes and heteroarenes.

Defect engineering leads to designer catalyst for production of green hydrogen - Efficient technology for splitting the hydrogen–oxygen bond in water could be the key to producing low-cost, green hydrogen for energy storage at an industrial scale.

How Venus’ Quasi-Moon Zoozve Got Its Name - Radiolab host Latif Nasser found and named a mysterious quasi-moon of Venus.

Physicists excited as world’s first muon particle accelerator a step closer - A new powerful type of particle accelerator is being built in the UK which could advance accelerator physics.

Research team develops method to design safer opioids - Opioid medications offer people relief from debilitating pain, but these drugs come with dangers: the risk for addiction, miserable withdrawal symptoms and the potential for fatal overdose.

Seagrass and Plastic Are Not Friends - The year 2021’s hopeful optimism is 2024’s unfortunate reality.

Lack of African data causing ‘policy missteps’ - Africa struggles to compete globally due to a lack of science-based policies, says science academy chief.

Study investigates impact of Ni particle size on CO₂ activation and CO formation during reforming process - The pressing need for effective greenhouse gas emission reduction strategies has intensified the focus on converting CO2 and methane (CH4) into useful chemicals like syngas.

More Than Half of Near Earth Objects Could Be “Dark Comets” - Next time you’re visiting the seaside or a large lake, or even sipping a frosty glass of water, think about where it all originated.

We now know why going to the toilet regularly really is important for your health - We often use constipation or diarrhoea as an indicator that something is wrong with our bodies.

July 16, 2024

New tech aims to keep polar bears and people apart - Fears about the two species coming into contact are growing as Arctic sea ice melts.

Meet the woman whose research helped the FBI catch notorious serial killers - Hulu documentary Mastermind: To Think Like a Killer traces career of Dr. Ann Burgess.

New genetic insights will help protect critically endangered sawfish - Researchers studying a critically endangered sawfish have discovered key breeding information that highlights the urgent need to conserve critical nursery sites in Western Australia (WA).

Just Correlation, Not Science: Ozempic 'Leads' To Less Dementia - If epidemiologists were held accountable for the high costs, drug shortages, and food and chemical misinformation they cause, nonsense like claiming a type 2 diabetes drug that is popular off-label for weight loss in rich people also prevent dementia would stop.Yet the reason so many "studies" by epidemiologists are being pushed onto the public now

I Heard the Wild Donkey Bray - On the trail of a new understanding of invasive species.

The New Science of Animal Minds - The author on writing his new book Meet the Neighbors: Animal Minds and Life in a More-Than-Human World .

7 Ways to Avoid Becoming a Misinformation Superspreader - Identify and stop the lies.

Seismic data shows Mars is often pummeled by planet-shaking meteorites - Seismic information now allows us to make a planet-wide estimate of impact rates.

Luciferase: A Powerful Bioluminescent Research Tool - Luciferase refers to a group of bioluminescence producing enzymes that enable researchers to study gene expression and regulation.

Low-cost cellphone-based Raman spectrometer system can identify unknown biological molecules within minutes - Imagine knowing what berry or mushroom is safe to eat during a hike or swiftly detecting pathogens in a hospital setting that would traditionally require days to identify.

Scientists find that small regions of the brain can take micro-naps while the rest of the brain is awake and vice versa - For the first time, scientists have found that sleep can be detected by patterns of neuronal activity just milliseconds long, 1000 times shorter than a second, revealing a new way to study and understand the basic brain wave patterns that govern consciousness.

Scientists develop new artificial intelligence method to create material 'fingerprints' - Researchers have developed a new technique that pairs artificial intelligence and X-ray science.

These Alluring Images Capture the Threats of Air Pollution Around the World - Researchers combined long-exposure photography with pollution sensor data to create representations of pollution in India, the United Kingdom and Ethiopia